Israeli palestinian conflict

Arab- Israeli Conflict

  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    May 15 1948- March 10 1949. Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria & Iraq attacked Israel. Outcome was that Israel gained land. Egpyt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees.
  • Six Day War

    Six Day War
    June 5, 1967- June 10 1967. Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Iraq moved troops to Israel's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. Outcome: Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common.
  • Attrition Battles

    Attrition Battles
    July 1 1967- August 8, 1970. Israel had the holy site Jerusalem for peace and recognition of the land. Arab lands did not agree and Egypt started attacking the land. The PLO also attacked Israeli military and had terrorist attacks outside Israel. The Jordanians attacked PLO and this fight was called tBlack December. Outcome: Jordan evicted the PLO from the country and the PLO moved to Lebanon.
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    Settlement Construction Begins
    November 2, 1967- ongoing. Settlements in Sinai, Gaza and the west Bank were made. There were used for protection to prevent attacks, It was limited a first grew tremendously over the years. Some people didn't like it because the land could be used for better things. Outcome: The Israel and the Palestinians have to talk about a peace agreement for splitting up the land.
  • The October War

    The October War
    October 6, 1973- October 25, 1973. Egypt and Syria attacked against Israel on the holiest day of the Jewish year. At first the Arabs succeeded, but then Israel stopped the attacks for a little. The U.S also convinced them to leave the area. Outcome: It made people realize how important the buffer zone where and how they helped win wars in the future.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    September 17, 1978- September 29, 1978. Israel’s prime minister, the United States president, and the Palestines president met to negotiate statues with Israel and Palestine. Palestine's president didn’t agree with Palestine being its own country and wanted more. An agreement was never made because both countries had different thoughts for Palestine. Outcome: Conflict between the countries continued to grow because an agreement wasn’t made.
  • Egypt and Israel sign a peace agreement.

    Egypt and Israel sign a peace agreement.
    March 26- 1979- March 26, 1979. Egypt recognized Israel as as a state and made a peace treaty. President Anwar Sadat thought the fight was ruining their economy and the people. Israel returned all the Sinai’s captured and the Jewish families were removed. Outcome: It was a model for Israel’s “land for peace” policy.
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War
    June 6 1982- September 14, 1982. The PLO in Lebanon attacked communities in Israel; and Israel attacked PLO that were stationed in Lebanon. Israeli troops expelled the PLO and caused a Lebanese civil war. Israel eventually withdrew from Lebanon which prevented more attacks. Outcome: Renewed terrorist attacks led to the Second Lebanon War.
  • The First Intifada

    The First Intifada
    December 9, 1987- August 20, 1993. In 1987 Palestines went in an uprising against israel controls of the country. Palestines had improved weapons and suicide attackers occurred. The Israeli army had never faced an army like this and didn’t know how to respond. Many people felt that the attacks were too harsh, and many Palestinians died because of the attacks. Outcome: An Oslo Agreement was signed, which was a set of agreements to the two countries.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    August 20, 1993- August 20, 1993. This was a set of agreements with Israel and the PLO that led to the Palestinian Authority which controlled the territories. Israel's military retreated from the Gaza Strip. Israel and the PLO made letters of mutual recognition and the PLO accepted Israel. Israel also recognised the PLO as Palestines. Outcome: Permanent settlements with Israel giving up land for peace and securities.
  • Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty

    Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty
    The United States helped Jordan and Israel achieve peace together. Jordan finally recognized Israel as an official country. Outcome: Trade, business, relations, tourism etc with the two countries grew.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
    2000-ongoing: The Israeli general, Ariel Sharon visited Jewish Temple. There was a lack of progress in the peace process, and the Jews blamed this visit for the violence. Them accusing the Israeli general started The Second Intifada. The Second Intifada never had a definite ending, and as a result of this, there was prolonged misery for both the Palestinians and the Israelis
  • Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier
    2002-ongoing: Israel built a security wall to protect their people from terrorist attacks. This wall was similar to the one they built in 1996 separating the Gaza Strip from Israel. As a result of the new wall Palestinians complained that they cannot get to their jobs because of the wall. Many people do not like the idea of the wall, some say it is temporary. However, the Israeli people think that the lives lost in terrorist attacks are not temporary, and they want to be as safe as possible.
  • Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed

    Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed
    2002-2007: The King of Saudi proposed a peace initiative that offered Israel peace if they gave back the land they captured in the 1967 war, recognition of independent Palestine, East Jerusalem as the capital, and "Just Solution" for Palestinian refugees. Israel accepted the proposal, but wanted to change a few of the demands. For example, they did not want to go fully back to pre-1967 borders but were willing to give some land back.
  • The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

    The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    2003-ongoing: This was proposed by "Quartet", U.S., Russia, European Union, and United Nations. It involves steps by Israeli and Palestinian goals, which were independent Palestine State and Secure Israel. This peace process had three stages but stopped at the first when the Palestine held elections of Hamas in 2006. The Hamas are a terrorist group that wants to destroy Israel. Since then the principles of the road map have been reaffirmed, but haven't shown any progress
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    Israel Disengages from Gaza
    Ariel Sharon (prime minister) moved ahead with policy of "Disengagement", or the separation of Israel from Palestine. Israel withdrew with the Gaza Strip, so the Palestinians could govern themselves. Many Israeli families did not want to leave their homes, but they would rather move than be governed by the Hamas. As a result the number of rockets fired by terrorists from Gaza to Israel increased.
  • Hamas Is Elected

    Hamas Is Elected
    Palestinians elected Hamas to Palestinian Authorities legislature over the PLO's Fatah party that had been in power before. Though the previous government was corrupt, the Hamas calls for destruction and killing the Jews, does not accept Israeli- Palestinian agreements, and is responsible for hundreds of terrorist attacks.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    Hezbollah is an organization that has people from Lebanon, Iran and Syria, and their goal to destroy Israel. In 2006 Lebanon attacked Israel, and in return Israel fired air strikes back at them. This war continued, but finally came to an end when the United Nation called for a cease fire resolution on August 11, 2006.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    This battle was between the Hamas and the PLO's Fatah. The cause for it was the Election in 2006 when the Hamas took the Fatah's spot in the government. The Hamas attacked Fatah through Gaza. To resolve this battle the Palestine President split the government in two. The Hamas controlled Gaza and the Palestinians controlled West Bank.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
    Israel attacked Hamas in Gaza to stop rocket attacks on South Israel. During these attacks (and as a result of the attacks) lots of citizens died, and the buildings and economy of Gaza were heavily damaged.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    Israel and Egypt a blockade of Gaza and took all of their goods. Many people thought of this as a punishment and others said that it was illegal. In May of 2010 six of Egypt's ships went to break down the blockade. The Israelis found out about the ships coming and were prepared to attack. Israel attacked the six ships killing only seven people in the process.
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    Before 2011 no Arab State had a democratic government. On December 18, 2010 the Arab people started a protest against autocratic and oppressive government. This protest spread from Tunisia to across the Arab World, causing the Tunisia president to leave his position on January 14, 2011. The Egytption president left the country on February 11, 2011. This also happened in Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Syria, Yemen and other countries.