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Arab-Israeli Conflict

  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq attacked Israel. Israel gained land. Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bankand East Jerusalem Israeli Statehood and 1948 Arab-Israeli Conflict. 2014. N.p.
    By JB Shreve.
  • Six Day War (The 1967 War)

    Six Day War (The 1967 War)
    Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq moved troops to Israel's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. As a result, Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan eights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common. http://world.time.com/2012/06/05/the-six-day-war-a-look-back-at-a-short-bloody-war/photo/004-ur00108
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    Settlement Construction Begins
    Israeli government approved the building of settlements in the Sinai, Gaza and West Bank and on sites of Jewish villages. Settlement constructions increased on West Bank and now Israel and Palestine have to negotiate because of a comprehensive peace agreement. Schiel, Skip. Israel's Settlement Policy in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. N.d. Https://www.afsc.org/resource/israel%E2%80%99s-settlement-policy-occupied-palestinian-territory, n.p.
  • Six Day War (Image Citation)

    Rubinger, David. Egyptian truck hit by and Israeli plane in the Gaza Strip during the Six Day War. Digital image. TIME. TIME, 5 June 2012. Web. 7 May 2015. http://world.time.com/2012/06/05/the-six-day-war-a-look-back-at-a-short-bloody-war/photo/004-ur001087-2/
  • Attrition Battles picture and Citation

    Attrition Battles picture and Citation
    Egyptian IL-28 attacks IDF in Sinai Fitzgerald, Peter. The War of Attrition. N.d. The Finer Times: Middle Eastern Wars, n.p.
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    Attrition Battles

    Arab nations declare their insubordination to make peace, recognize, or negotiate with Israel. Jordan was able to evict the PLO from their country and the PLO moved their base to Lebanon, ending the Attrition battles.
  • The October War of Yom Kippur

    The October War of Yom Kippur
    Egypt and Syria attack Israel on the day of Yom Kippur. This gave more reason to have buffer zones. After the war Israel retained the territories that were captured in 1967, but they didn't keep the additional land. Hoarn, Steven. The Yom Kippur War: 40th Anniversary in Pictures. 2013. The Yom Kippur War: 40th Anniversary in Pictures, n.p.
  • Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Treaty

    Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Treaty
    Egypt became the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel. Israel returned all of the Sinai to Egypt that was captured. And Jewish famalies moved from the homes that were in the Sinai. Egypt and Israel Sign Formal Treaty, Ending a State of War After 30 Years; Sadat and Begin Praise Carter's Role. 2010. Http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0326.html, n.p. By Bernard Gwertzman.
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War
    PLO units in Southern Lebanon attack communities in Northern Israel. Israel launch attacks on PLO militants in Lebanon. Israel withdrew from most of Lebanon. Military presence was still i a section of Southern Lebanon and prevented terrorist incursion into Israel from the north. Am, Micha Bar. West Beirut. Lebanon. 1982. Tanks of the Israeli Army Breaking through into the West Part of the City. 1982. Lebanon. 1982-1983. In Conflict, n.p.
  • The First Intifada Picture and Citation

    The First Intifada Picture and Citation
    Sela, Avraham. Israel Defense Forces Soldiers Order Gazans to Clear up a Road Block, a Few Weeks into the First Intifada, in December. 2012. The First Intifada: How the Arab-Israeli Conflict Was Transformes, n.p.
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    The First Intifada

    Palestinians engaged in an uprising against Israel control of the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Israel compelled to use military force to contain the violence.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    Oslo Accords are a set of agreements. Israel and the PLO sign a Declaration of Principles. PLO renounced the violence and publicly showed acceptance of peaceful coexistence with Israel. Reuters. Making History. 2009. The Oslo Acccords, n.p.
  • Israel and Jordan Sign a Peace Treaty

    Israel and Jordan Sign a Peace Treaty
    Jordan and Israel achieve peace. Trade, business relations, tourism, cultural exchange, and scientific cooperation between Jordan and Israel increase. Shohat, Nati. 1994. The Times of Israel, n.p.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    President Bill Clinton tried to negotiate a comprehensive final status agreement between Israel and Palestinians. Barak withdrew from the majority of the West Bank to help make an Independent Palestinian state. McNamee, Win. Encountering Peace: Opportunities for US Peace Initiative. 2000. MFA- The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David, n.p.
  • The Second Intifada Picture and Citation

    The Second Intifada Picture and Citation
    Katz, Yariv. Unrest. 2000 Riot in Umm Al-Fahm. 2009. The Al-Aqsa Intifada, n.p.
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    The Second Intifada

    Israeli General Ariel Sharon visits the Jewish Temple Mount. Plestinians began to riot. Israel's military forces target terrorists and many of the Palestinian population is also killed in the crossfire.
  • Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier
    Israel wanted to build a barrier that would protect citizens from terrorists in the West Bank. The barrier has reduced the amount of suicide boombings, but is being blamed for seperating Palestinians from their work or land. This has resulted in many protests and demonstrations. Kahana, Menahem. Construction of the West Bank Barrier. Photograph. The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 11 May 2011. Web. 9 May 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/may/11/israel-west-bank-barrier.
  • Period: to

    Israel Constructs the West Bank Barrier

    The barrier is still being contructed today, even with ongoing protests.
  • Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed

    Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed
    Saudi Arabia offered peace to Israel if Israel withdrew from terretories captured in the 1967 war and recognized them as independent. Israel didn't accept all demands, especiallu the request to withdraw from their borders. Image Citation:
    Associated Press. Arab leaders meet to discuss terms. Photograph. YNet News. Yedioth Internet, 23 Mar. 2009. Web. 9 May 2015. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3691148,00.html
  • The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

    The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    Plan to make Palestine independent and to secure Israel. Proposed by the US, Russia, European Union, and the UN. The roadmap was divided into 3 phases, but has yet to pass the first phase due to the elction of Hamas terrorists in Palestine. Arab leaders and President Bush. Photograph. CNN. CNN, 11 Jan. 2014. Web. 9 May 2015. http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/11/opinion/oren-ariel-sharon/
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    Israel Disengages from Gaza
    Prime Minister Ariel Sharon moved to separate Israel from Palestinian territories, and believed Israel should withdraw from the Gaza Strip. This was contriversial, and citizens who lived in Gaza refused to leave. Israel ignored the citizens, increasing tension. The number of terrorist rockets fired from Gaza to Israel has risen. Israel soldiers leaving Gaza. Photograph. Israeli Defense Forces. Israeli Defense Forces, 12 June 2011. Web. 9 May 2015. <https://www.idfblog.com/blog/2011/06/12/ne
  • Hamas is Elected

    Hamas is Elected
    A majority of Hamas were elected into legislature. People believed the previous government was corrupt. The Hamas's main goal was to destroy Israel. As a result, Western nation imposed sanctions and suspended aid to Palestinian Authority. These sanctions will be lifted once the Hamas recognize Israel's right to exist. Salem, Mohammed. Hamas terrorists. Photograph. RT. Anonymous Nonprofit Organization, 17 Dec. 2014. Web. 9 May 2015. http://rt.com/news/215143-hamas-off-terror-list/.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    Hexbollah, based in Lebanon, attacked an Israeli army unit, and launched rockets. Israel responded by firing rockets on the Hezbollah. Conflict broke out. There was a huge loss of civilian lived, and Lebanon transportation was destroyed. The UN needs to step in and pass a Cease Fire resolution. Rockets fired into Israel. Photograph. BBC. BBC, 6 May 2008. Web. 9 May 2015. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7381389.stm.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    Hamas attack Fatah members throughout Gaza. Palestinian Authority dissolves the Hamas government. Today, there are two governments in Palestine. The Hamas control Gaza while the Palestinian Authority controls the West Bank. Khatib, Sahib. Destruction from the Battler of Gaza. Digital image. The New York Times. The New York Times, 16 June 2007. Web. 10 May 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/16/world/middleeast/16cnd-mideast.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
    Israel attacks Hamas targets in Gaza to stop rocket attacks. Hamas retaliate and attack Fatahs. Hundreds of militants are killed, as well as many civilians. Gaza's economy is severely damaged Omar, Hatem. Palestinian survivor of Israeli attacks. Digital image. The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 3 Apr. 2011. Web. 10 May 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/16/world/middleeast/16cnd-mideast.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    After the Hamas seized control, Israel and egypt blockade Gaza. Thye began searching all passing ships. Passing Turkish ships refused to be checked, resulting in conflict and led to Turkish casualties. Turkey wants an apology, but Israel states that their actions were justified. This incident damaged the relationship of the two allies. Lead Turkish ship of the invaded convoy. Photograph. BBC. BBC, 6 Nov. 2014. Web. 10 May 2015. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29934002
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    Citizens begin protesting autocratic and oppresive Arab governments. Protest spread all the way to Tunisia. Multiple Arab presidents and leaders have fled their countries or stepped down. The process for peace is still not clear. El-Shamed, Mohamed. Arab Spring demonstration in Egypt. Digital image. CNN. CNN, 25 Jan. 2014. Web. 10 May 2015. http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/25/world/gallery/egypt-anniversary/index.html.