Israel Formation

  • Balfour Declaration

    Balfour Declaration
    Sir Arthur Balfour wrote to Zionists with the proposal of giving land with rights to non-Jews. The movement failed, and hostilities increased.
  • Mandate System

    Great Britain took control of Palestine when the Ottoman Empire collapsed at the end of World War I. Palestinians opposed the Jewish nation.
  • General Assembly

    General Assembly proposed to give Jews 55% of the land due to sympathy from the Holocaust. Islamic countries voted against this idea. They said the UN "had no right" without considering the majority of the population which at the time was non-Jewish Palestinians.
  • Independent Israel

    Independent Israel
    Ben Gunion, leader of Israeli Jews, announced the creation of an independent Israel.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Egypty seized control of the Suez Canal which was controlled by British interests at the time. Britain made a deal with France and Israel to take is back. Israel defeated the Egyptians easily, but because of pressure from the world community including the US and Soviet Union, they backed down.
  • Six Day War

    Nasser (Egyptian president) and his Arabian allies equipped themselves with Soviet tanks and aircraft and prepared to confront Israel. Israels outlet, the Red Sea, was blocked by Arabians. Israel managed to defeat the Arabian states in six days. They lost 800 troops, gained control of Jerusalem, Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, and the West Bank which they used as buffers. Arabians lost over 15000. Palestinians who lived in Jerusalem were given the choice of Israeli or Jordanian citizenship.
  • Yom-Kippur Attack

    Yom-Kippur Attack
    Anwar Saddat planned an attack on Israel on Yom-Kippur. The Israelis were thrown off by surprise attack. Arabian forces inflicted heavy casualities and recaptred some of the lost territory.
  • Sadat extended peace

    Anwar Sadat extends peace and recognizes Israel as a state. This is seen as a big step to all the Arabian states. Sadat approaches the Knesset (Israeli parliament); he offers peace in exchange recognition of Palestinians in Israel and withdrawal from territory taken in the Six Day War.
  • Invitation to Camp David

    Invitation to Camp David
    Jimmy Carter invited Sadat and Begin (Israeli prime minister) to the Camp David presidential retreat in an attempt to solve conflict. Thirteen days later, Egypt recognized Israel as an independent state and Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula.
  • Assassination of Sadat

    Assassination of Sadat
    Muslim extremists who were unhappy with the peace arrangment reached by the Camp David Accords assassinated Anwar Sadat. He was replaced by Hosni Mubarak who desrired the same peace Sadat had. Tensions between Palestinians and Israelis resurface
  • Lebanon Invasion

    The Israeli army invaded Lebanon in an attempt to destroy Palestinian efforts to cause violence. The Israeli army was pulled in the Lebanese civil war and was forced to pull out of Lebanon.
  • First Infitada

    Palestinians created an infitada, a civil disobedient "uprising". The infitada continued into the 1990s with no progress. Pressure on Israel to seek negotiations increased.
  • Another attempt at peace

    Israeli and Palestinian delegates meet to discuss peace proposals again.
  • Oslo Peace Accords

    Oslo Peace Accords
    Secret meeting talks in Oslo, Norway produced the Declaration of Principles, otherwise known as the Oslo Peace Accords. Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin agreed to grant Palestinians self-rule in Gaza Strip and West Bank.
  • Assassination of Rabin

    Assassination of Rabin
    Jewish extremist assassinated Yitzhak Rabin who was then succeeded by Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu opposed to Oslo Accords, but he still tried to keep the agreements in tact.
  • Netanyahu met with Arafat

    Netanyahu met with Yasser Arafat (the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Egyptian president) to make plans for partial Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank.
  • New Israeli Prime Minister

    New Israeli Prime Minister
    Peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians seemed to be becoming more effective. Ehud Barak became the new Israeli prime minister after winning the election.
  • Summit Meeting at Camp David

    Clinton hosted a fifteen0day summit meeting at Camp David with Barak and Arafat. The Peace Plan was stalled because they couldn't reach a compromise.
  • Second Intifada

    Ariel Sharon (representative for Israel) visited the Jewish holy place, The Dome of the Rock which was also known to be a holy place for Muslims. The visit outraged Palestinians causing them to start riots and eventually a second intifada was launched. It began with demonstrations then escalated to suicide bombers. Seventeen months later, one Israeli died for every three Palestinians. In response, Israeli forces moved into Palestinian refugee camps and bombed Arafat's headquarters, trapping him.
  • Ariel Sharon as Prime Minister

    Ariel Sharon as Prime Minister
    Ariel Sharon was elected as the new prime minister of Israel and refused to negotiate with the Palestinians until the attacks on Israelis ceased. Israeli officials also declared they would no longer meet with Arafat as the leader of the PLO. Mahmoud Abbas then became the main negotiator and prime minister for the Palestinians.
  • The Roadmap

    The Roadmap
    George Bush brought together Ariel Sharon and Mahmoud Abbas to establish a new peace plan or "roadmap". Finally, the "two men committed to reaching an agreement". Israeli forces would have to pull out of Palestinian territory and Palestinians must stop their acts of terrorism. Today, the Roadmap remains the backbone for all negotiations. However, the Palestinians request for their own state still remains unmet.