Arab-Israeli Conflict

By rletts
  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, & lraq attacked lsrael. lsrael gained land, Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees.
  • The Six Day War/ The 1967 War

    The Six Day War/ The 1967 War
    Egypt blockaded lsrael. Egypt, Jordan, Syria & lraq moved troops to lsrael's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. lsrael captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees, Terrorism became more common.
  • Settlement Constructin Begins

    Settlement Constructin Begins
    Israeli government approved building of settlements in the Siany, Gaza, and West Bank. Settlements were intended to act as security outposts. The settlements were criticized for being built on land meant for a "future Palestinian state." The future of the settlements is something to be negotiated in any future peace agreement.
  • Attrition Battles

    Attrition Battles
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    Attrition Battles

    Small attacks by Egypt. Joardanian army attacks Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) forces, time known as "Black September". The PLO moved its base of operations to Lebanon as a result.
  • The October War

    The October War
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    The October War

    Egypt and Syria attack Israel on Yom Kippur. Israel pushes the attack back. Isreal was convinces to withdraw from the territories it had entered. After the war, Israel lost its new territory but maintained the land gained in the 1967 War.
  • Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement

    Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement
    Egypt signs a peace agreement with Israel, recognizing it was a country. Egypt becomes the first Arab country to recognize Israel as a country. Egypt gained back Sinai land that was captured by Israel.
  • 1982 Lebanon War

    1982 Lebanon War
    Communities in Israel were attacked by PLO. Israel launched an attack on PLO militants. Israel was drawn into the Lebanese civil war, which generated domestic and international opposition towards their involvement in Lebanon.
  • The First Intifada

    The First Intifada
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    The First Intifada

    Palestinians in the Gaza strip and the West Bank engaged in an uprising against the Israeli control of those areas. Israel used military force to contain violence. Fighting continued, which resulted in the Oslo accords in 1993, which ended the intifada.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    A set of agreements when Israel and PLO signed a DOP (Declaration of Principles). Oslo Accords led to the creation of the Palestinian Authority, which had responsibility to administer territory under its control.
  • Israel and Jordan Sign A Peace Treaty

    Israel and Jordan Sign A Peace Treaty
    U.S. leads successful diplomatic process in order to achieve peace between Israel and Jordan. Jordan becomes second country to recognize Israel. Trade, business, relations, tourism, cultural exchanges, scientific cooperation, etc. have improved since the treaty was signed, though slower than hoped for.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    First major attempt to negotiate comprehensive final status agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. The Camp David Summit failed, attributed to the non-cooperation of Arafat by Dennis Rose.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
    The Second Intifada was caused by General Ariel Sharon visiting a highly revered Jewish mosque that has religious importance to the Muslims as well. The Second Intifada began and caused more bloodshed and suffering. Suicide bombers targeted and killed hundreds of israeli citizens.
  • Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed

     Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed
    Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia proposed a peace initiative. Notion supported by Arab League. A major breakthrough, considering most Arab nations had ruled out peace.
  • Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier
    Israel builds a security barrier to separate west bank terrorists from citizens. Number of suicide bombers decreased dramatically.
  • The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

     The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    Plan for peace submitted by the U.S., Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations. Plan for secure israel and independent Palestine state divided into 3 sections, never passed first stage. Negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority became possible when Palestinian president dissolved the government controlled by Hamas (a terrorist organization promoting the destruction of Israel).
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

     Israel Disengages from Gaza
    Physical separation of Israel from Palestinian territories. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon believed Israel should withdraw from the Gaza Strip. Israel removed itself from Gaza territory, plan criticized for not being done as part of negotiations with the Palestinians.
  • Hamas is Elected

    Hamas is Elected
    Palestinians elected majority of Hamas members to Palestinian Authority’s legislature. Speculated that Hamas won due to the Palestinians viewing old government as corrupt. Many western nations imposed sanctions and suspended aid to Palestinian Authority.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

     The 2006 Lebanon War
    Hezbollah (radical Islamist organization) crossed Lebanon-Israel border and attacked Israeli army unit. Launched rockets into Israeli cities and towns. Israel launched airstrikes in retaliation. Property damage and loss of civilian life. Hostilities stopped with UN Ceasefire Resolution on Aug 11th, 2006
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    Hamas militants attacked Fatah members throughout Gaza. Palestinian Authority dissolved Hamas government. Two Palestinian governments to date - Hamas controls Gaza and Palestinian Authority controls West Bank.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
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    The Gaza War

    Israel attacked Hamas targets in Gaza to try to stop rocket attacks in southern Israel and disrupt terrorist infrastructure. Hundreds of militants killed, as well as many civilian casualties. Gaza buildings and economy heavilty damaged.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    Six ships sail to break blockade where the ships were not allowed to dock in Gaza. Ships refuse to dock in Israeli port where goods would be inspected. Israeli commandos board ships and forcefully take control of ships, killing 9 Turkish activists. Ships directed to Ashdod port. Turkey demands apology for killed activists. Event led to severe deterioration of relationship between Turkey and Israel, allies.
  • The Arab Spring

     The Arab Spring
    Citizens in Arab states began to protest against autocratic and oppressive governments. Protests spread from Tunisia across the Arab world. Tunisian President flees, Egyptian president resigned. Long-term impact not yet known.