The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire

  • Period: Jan 1, 1299 to

    Rule of the Ottoman Empire

  • Period: Jan 1, 1299 to Jan 1, 1326

    Rule of Osman

    Under Osman, the "Ottomans formalized a stern and disciplined warrior ethos, and they triumphed over their rivals by assimilating the techniques of settled administration from their neighbors,"
  • Period: Jan 1, 1421 to Jan 1, 1451

    Rule of Murad II

  • Period: Jan 1, 1451 to Jan 1, 1481

    Rule of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Largest triumph of Mehmed was the Conquest of Constantinople.
  • May 29, 1453

    Conquest of Constantinople

    "For forty days [Mehmed's] troops bombared Constantinople's massive walls." After capturing the city, Mehmed the Conqueror renamed the capital Istanbul.
  • Jan 1, 1458

    Conquest of Athens

  • Jan 1, 1463

    Conquest of Bosnia

    Conquest of Bosnia
  • Jan 1, 1478

    Construction of the Topkapi Palace

    Construction of the Topkapi Palace
    "Reflected the Ottomans' view of governance, the sultans' emphasis on religion, and the continuing influence of Ottoman familial traditions." Plans to build were laid out by Mehmed II.
  • Jan 1, 1480

    Launched attacks on Italy

    Launched attacks on Italy
    The factors of Mehmed's death and "fights between his sons for control of the empire," prevented this conquest.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Invasion of Hungary

    Invasion of Hungary
  • Jan 1, 1493

    Invasion of Croatia

    Invasion of Croatia
  • Period: Jan 1, 1512 to Jan 1, 1520

    Rule of Selim

  • Period: Jan 1, 1520 to Jan 1, 1566

    Rule of Suleiman

    Lead thirteen military campaigns, given the titles "The Lawgiver" and "The Magnificant."
  • Jan 1, 1558

    The Completion of the Suleymaniye Mosque

    The Completion of the Suleymaniye Mosque
    This mosque as well as a center of worship, included a school, hospital, and a library. Great example of monumental architecture in the Ottoman Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1569

    Great Fire of Istanbul

    Fire broke out causing mass destruction.
  • Start of Tulip Period

    Start of Tulip Period
    Relatively peaceful period in which ruler Ahmed III inported lots of tulips. Also the arts thrived during this period.
  • Greek War of Independence Begins

    Greeks receive independence from Ottomans.
  • Sultan Mehmed VI and Ottoman Empire Abolished

    Summary of Ending the Ottoman Empire and Making of the Modern World As a result of constant need for alliances, help, and loses to key opponents, the rule of the Ottoman Empire ended.