The Soninke began to band together for protection against nomadic herders. This was the beginning of Ghana.
This brought many people to the land.
Discovery of Iron
In 500 BC, West Africans found that they could heat certains kinds of rocks to create a hard metal. This was iron.
This helped the people with everyday life and work.
Nov 16, 1200
The empire collapsed; only 3 major factors contributed to the decline: invasion, overgrazing, and internal rebellion.
Many of the people abandoned the empire, leaving it to crumble.
Ghana Builds An Empire
By 800, Ghana was in control of West Africa's trade routes. Ghana's army kept the trade routes safe. Trade increased, and so did Ghana's wealth.
Many merchants moved to Ghana because this was where the wealth was. The people felt very protected.