Muhammad has visions in which the angel Gabriel visits him and Muhammad begins preaching his visions.
May 1, 624
Muhammad and his followers begin a war to force the Meccan leaders to agree with him on the spiritual beliefs of what would become Islam.
May 1, 632
Muhammad dies and his closest friend, Abu Bakr becomes the leader of the Muslim community-caliph
May 1, 661
The Umayyad Dynasty begins. The caliph is no longer elected and receives the caliphate from dynastic succession.
May 1, 711
The Muslim armies enter Spain and establish the capital at Cordoba.
May 1, 750
The Umayyad Dynasty is overthrown and the Abbasid Dynasty begins. During Umayyad rule, the Muslims conquered North Africa and Spain.
May 1, 750
The Golden Age of Islam begins. During this time there were many cultural, scientific, and literary achievements.
May 1, 1000
In the 11th century, a group of Christian resistance retook Toledo. The Muslim rulers of Spain asked the Almoravids, a North African Berber group, to help crush the Christian uprisings. The Almoravids then seized control of Muslim Spain.
May 1, 1147
The Almohads, another Berber group, defeat the Almoravids and take control of the area.
May 1, 1200
The Christians launch campaigns to bring down the Arab rule in Spain. By the 13th century, the Arabs' once large empire was turned into scattered kingdoms in the mountains of Andalusia. For the next two hundred years they survived and flourished.
May 1, 1258
The Abbasid caliphate of Baghdad ends and the Mongols take rule of the area.
May 1, 1400
During the 14th and early 15th century, the Christian kings conquered the Muslim territory so that only the city of Granada remained in Muslim hands.
May 1, 1482
The Muslim kingdom split into two sides who didn't get along, which marked the end of the Muslim Empire in Spain as Granada fell ten years later.
May 1, 1492
Granada is conquered by the Christians which marks the end of the Muslim Empire in Spain. The Jews and Muslims are expelled from Spain by the Christians.
Cordoba is a premier city throughout the world as it has a population of 500,000. Christians and Jews have a relative freedom and an opportuinty to pursue achievements. The Muslims called their kingdom al-Andalus. The Andalusian Dynasty begins.