The Middle Ages

  • Period: 476 to Jan 1, 1300

    the middle ages

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Craftspeople organized into guilds

    Guilds came to play a leading role in the economic life in the cities.
  • Jan 1, 1073

    Gregory VII is elected pope

    Gregory was convinced that he had been chosen by God to reform the Church.
  • Jan 1, 1098

    Cistercian order is formed

    The Cistercians were strict. They ate a simple diet, and each had only a single robe.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    The song of Roland is written

  • Jan 1, 1140

    Classical works are rediscovered by European scholars

    The cheif task of scholasticism was to harmonize Christian teachings with the works of the greek Philosophers.
  • Jan 1, 1150

    Architects begin to build in gothic style

    A new style called gothic appeared in the twelfth century and was brought to perfectio in the thirteenth.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Europeans population increases

    The number of people almost doubled between 1000 and 1300 from 38 million to 74 million people.
  • Jan 1, 1216

    Dominic de Guzman founds the Dominicans

    Dominic wanted to defend church teachings from hershey the denial of basic church docterines
  • Apr 24, 1233

    The Inquisition is created to battle Hersy

    The churches desire to have a method of discoverig and dealing with heretics led to the creation of a court called the Inquisition, or Holy Office.
  • Serfdom grows in western Europe

    The serfs paid rents by giving the lords a share of every product they raised.