The 10 most significant events of the Middle Ages By domonkosnagy123456 476 The fall of the Western Roman Empire Romolus Augustulus was deposed as the last Western Roman Emperor. Start of the middle ages. 622 The formation of Islam Muhammad fled from Mecca to Medina 732 Battle of Tours The Arabic invasion was stopped at Tours/Poitiers by Charles the Martell. 800 Charlemagne became an emperor Charles the Great was coronated as an emperor by Pope Leo the III. 843 Treaty of Verdun The Frank Empire was divided between the 3 sons of Louis the Pious. 1096 First Crusade Military campaign was started against the Islam in order to reconquer former Christian territories. Jerusalem was besieged. 1216 Magna Carta Libertatum Signed by King John of England. Gave the people some rights; no one is above the laws. 1337 The start of The Hundred Years' War Between the Kingdoms of England and France. Until 1453. 1347 Black Death Around third of the European population died. 1492 Colombus discovers America He lead a voyage to Asia originally.