Around the time, Buddhism was introduced in the Indian and Sri Lanka began replacing their religion. With the religion of Hinduism in that region. Southern China was settled in the Khmer area.
Jun 13, 1500
Colonization of Southeast Asia
The colonization was led by Portugal. European leaders also came.They were in search of spices and other goods.
Jun 13, 1521
Ferdinand Magellan's discovery
They reached the Philippines and claimed the island from Spain. Spaniard came to colonize, trade and spread Roman Catholicism. The religion in Southeast Asia has remained the same since this event happened.
Arrival of Dutch traders
1600-1700s: The Dutch drove Portuguese out of their homeland of Portugal. Portugese kept small island called Timor. Dutch became in control and became the Dutch East Indies which is now Indonesia.
The period of French and British Colonization
Set up colonies with plantations, railroads, and mines. People from China and India came to work in the colonies. British and French spread Christianity also.
U.S. ownership of the Philippines
Won the Philippines from Spain in the Spanish American War. By the 1900s the colonial powers ruled region. Siam and Thailand were not colonized til later.
The WWII Japanese invasion of the Philippines
1939-1945: Occupied most of Southeast Asia. United Stated gave Philippines independence. Soon other people fought for independence in the religion.
The Vietnam War
The U.S. sent troops to defend South Vietnam from the Communist force being sentr by other countries. Then the Civil War broke out in the south.
The Civil Wars in Cambodia
1978- mid 1990s:Their government was very brudial, causing lots and lots of deaths. Vietnam helped overthrow Cambodia's government. Ehich created fighting, which countined on and on.
The emergence of Khmer civilization
AD 800- mid 1200s: Khmer controlled large empire, which now is Cambodia. Also, it is the most advanced region, in that early civilization. The remains of their huge temple are still in that very spot where the mediated.