Significant Events

  • 476

    The Fall of Rome

    Culture flourished with Rome. They developed more on the architecture that the Greeks had originally created. Rome was conquered by the Goths. Society became uncivilized. Roman culture survived in isolated monasteries. Roads were gone, travel was dangerous, no one could read or write, cities were deserted, the world had fallen into an age of 'darkness'.
  • Jan 1, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    There was a battle near Hastings. William, Duke of Normandy, was invading England to take King Harold's crown. William took over England and became William the Conqueror. William brought with him feudalism and changed the government of England. The peasants lived on manors under lords. It was the last successful invasion of England.
  • Jan 1, 1097

    The Crusades 1097-1272

    The Crusades were wars between the Christians and the Muslims over the Holyland. There were nine Crusades including a Children's Crusade. On the way to the battleground the Christians witnessed trade and towns and decided to have trade and towns themselves. A lot of people died during the Crusades so there were less people to work on manors. This meant that serfs could ask for higher wages and support themselves because there was less of a workforce.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    The Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta was a legal document that took power away from the King. It gave the people rights and freedoms for the first time. This was a step towards democracy.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death was a plague that started in Italy. 1/3-1/2 of Europe’s population was killed. There were less people to work, so serfs were able to ask for higher wages. Serfs could now support themselves and move away from the manor. The economy was changing from land based to currency based.
  • Jan 1, 1381

    The Peasants Revolt

    The Peasants Revolt was a public protest and riot about the poll tax. It was led by Wat Tyler. Sadly, the King ordered all the peasants involved killed. Later on though, the remaining peasants got what they wanted. Serfdom was over! For the first time ever peasants had rights.
  • Jan 1, 1450

    The Printing Press

    The Printing Press was invented by Guttenburg in 1450. It helped spread ideas faster because it was faster to produce books than the old method, copying them by hand. Since the invention of the printing press, common people decided to learn to read and write. People learned other people's ideas from the pamphlets that the printing press produced and used them. The Renaissance was beginning.
  • Jan 1, 1452

    Leonardo Da Vinci

    Leonardo Da Vinci was an artist and an inventor. Although, he created technology far beyond his time, his work was not recognized for years. On the other hand, his art works inspired other great artists. His art work differed from others at this time because it had a lot more detail and focused on the beauty of the human form. He helped the middle ages become the Renaissance.
  • Jan 1, 1509

    Henry VIII

    Henry VIII created the Anglican church. He thus changed England's religion from Christianity to Anglicanism. This gave the people of England another choice of church. This new religion also allowed people to divorce and many other things. Henry VIII was also supporting the Protestant movement. He was now not just the King of his country, but also the ruler of his country's religion.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    The 95 Theses

    Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses and nailed them to the church door. The 95 Theses were complaints against the church. Thus, Martin Luther started his own christian church, the Lutheran church. Prior to this, if you were Christian, you were Catholic, but now there were two options for a Christian. This caused the Catholic church to lose a lot of power.