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Sawm (Muslim fasting ritual

  • 570

    When Islamic people first started

    Muhammad is born in the city of Mecca.
  • Period: 632 to 661

    Period of the Rightly Guided Caliphs

    When the Umma was lead by Companions of the Prophets. This period marked by the writing down of the revelations of the Qur’an (632-50 CE) and the beginning of the collection of reminiscences about the Prophet into the Hadith literature, as the basis for following his Sunna (life-example). This period also saw the Islamic consolidation of power in Arabia and the conquests of Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Iraq, and Persia all of which together would thereafter be the heart of the Islamic Empire.
  • 700

    When the feast started

    When the feast started
    Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century CE. The Arabic term Islam, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of Islam) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God). Allah is viewed as the sole God creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world.
  • 700

    Why do the Muslims Sawm

    Muslims fast because it is a religious duty. It is commanded in the Qur'an that all Muslims fast and they are able to follow in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad. In terms of religious practice it gives Muslims an opportunity to reflect in a spiritual way about their lives and develop a sense of self-discipline.
  • Period: Apr 12, 700 to


    This year, Ramadan is expected to begin at sundown on Monday, April 12, and end at sundown on Wednesday, May 12. The final evening of Ramadan consists of a celebration called Eid al-Fitr, when the traditional month-long fast is ended with a feast. The exact beginning and ending times of Ramadan are based on the sighting of the Moon. Specifically, Ramadan is said to begin at the first observance of the new Moon over Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • 702

    What is the origin of SAWM?

    Sawm is regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. Contrary to popular non Islamic belief, its observance by Muslims is not confined to the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.) Etymology: From صوم, from ܨܘܡܐ.
  • 800


    Beginning at puberty, all Muslims (with certain exceptions, such as if one is ill, traveling, pregnant, elderly, etc.) take part in the month-long dawn-to-sunset fast that is the hallmark of Ramadan. Muslims believe that fasting cleanses the body, and the practice reminds them of the suffering of the poor.
  • Period: 1313 to 1341

    Golden Horde

    Uzbeg rules the Golden Horde and makes Islam the state religion.
  • 1492

    Spain conquered by Christians

    End of the Period of Umayayad rule of Spain. Spain conquered by Christians (who promptly expel the Jews (who had flourished there living alongside Muslims under Umayyad rule)
  • What does it mean to be a Muslim

    The word “Islam” means “submission to the will of God.” Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers of Islam aim to live a life of complete submission to Allah.