Period 4 Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Beginning of Portuguese Slave Trade

    The Portuguese began to trade slaves throughout. They were part of a larger network.
  • Feb 14, 1432

    Reign of Mehmed the Conqueror

    Mehmed was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire twice. He was ruling at the time of the conquer of Constantinople and the take over of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Feb 10, 1450

    Mughal Dynasty

    The Mughal dynasty had a strong military that required high taxes. Muslims had authority over Hindus. Sikhism emerged in some areas. The Taj Mahal was built during this time.
  • Period: Feb 10, 1450 to

    Early Modern Era

  • Feb 13, 1450

    Prince Henry the Navigator

    Prince Henry founded a school that specialized in navigational studies and expedition planning. He launched many expeditions along the African coast.
  • Feb 10, 1451

    Dias' Voyage to Indian Ocean

    Dias was a nobleman of the Portuguese explorer. He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488. He was the first European to be known to do so.
  • Feb 10, 1453

    Ottoman Dynasty

    The Ottoman Empire included a collection of Turkish tribes from Asia minor. They conquered Constantinople and ended the Byzantine Empire. They controlled lands in three continents. They maintained a large, multiethnic empire for 600 years.
  • Feb 14, 1464

    Reign of Sunni Ali

    Sunni Ali was the first king of the Songhai Empire. Many cities were captured and fortified under the rule of Sunni.
  • Feb 14, 1468

    Songhay Empire

    The Songhay Empire is locateed in West Africa. It was one of the biggest Islamic empires of the time.
  • Feb 2, 1492

    Columbus' first voyage

    Columbus reaches the Americas in 1492. He is around the area of the Carribean. He is the first to discover this New World.
  • Feb 14, 1494

    Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent

    Suleyman was the tenth and longest ruling Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was powerful conqueror. He overtook many Christian areas throughout his reign.
  • Feb 10, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin was a prominent French-born Protestant theologian. He thought that God didn't want any images representing himself.
  • Feb 10, 1517

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther had 95 theses. He was at the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. He founded Protestant Christianity.
  • Feb 14, 1519

    Spanish Conquest of Mexico

    The Spanish were after gold. Thus, they conquered those cities to gain wealth. They made the natives search for their gold, but could never find any. They believed the Spanish were gods.
  • Feb 10, 1540

    Society of Jesus

    The Society of Jesus was made up of Jesuits. They provided a dedicated brotherhood of priests committted to the renewal of the Catholic Church and its extension abroad.
  • Feb 13, 1542

    Reign of Akbar

    Akbar was the Mogul emperor of India. He expanded the empire to achieve the norther parts of India.
  • Feb 10, 1545

    Council of Trent

    In the Council of Trent, Catholics clarified and reaffirmed their unique doctrines and practices. This included the authoru=ity of the pope, priestly celibacy, the veneration of saints and relics, and the importance of church tradition and good works.
  • Feb 10, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo developed an improved telescope, and discovered sunspots, mountains on the moon, and Jupiter's moons. He performed experimental work on the velocity of falling objects.
  • Feb 14, 1572

    Reign of Emperor Wanli

    Emperor Wanli was the thirteenth emperor of Ming Dynasty China. He ruled for fourty-eight years and he was the longest to reign. He witnessed the decline of the empire.
  • Spanish Armada

    The Spanish Armada was a naval invsion force sent against England by Philip II of Spain. It was defeated by the English fleet,They were nearly depleted by the storms off the Hebrides.
  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    The Tokogawa Shogunate was the first to establish political unity and economic integration in Japan. During this reign the military wasadapted to the needs of the state, and more educated. By the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan had closely modernized themselves. It was the last of the three shogunates in Japan.
  • Thirty Years War

    The Thirty Years War was one of the most destructive wars in European History. It was a religious issue between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire. Because of this, it shaped colonial formation in the future nations.
  • John Locke

    John Locke was a part of the Enlightenment. He believed in Natural Rights, for example, life, liberty, and property. This happened in Europe and American colonies.
  • Qing Dynasty

    The Manchus were the ones that eventually seized the Ming dynasty. The rulers used many of the previous procedures incluuding the Mandate of Heaven. The Manchus kept their identity separate however. They didn't allow Chinese and Manchu to get married.
  • Peace of Westphalia

    The Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years War. Westphalia is a former province in Germany. Osnabrück and Münster signed st the same time.
  • Safavid Dynasty

    The Safavid Dynasty was one of the most influential empires of Persia. They ruled one of the greatest empires at the time of the Muslim conquest.
  • Seven Years War

    From 1756- 1763, Britain Hanover, and Prussia were against Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and Spain. There were many small conflicts that led to larger one.
  • Establishment of First Colony in Australia.

    The British established the first colony in Australia. They did this with the arrival of the First Fleet.
  • Hatian Revolution

    The Hatian Revolution was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint Domingue. This slave revolt resulted in the elimination of slavery and led to the founding of the Republic of Haiti. This was the only slave revolt that resulted in the founding of a state.