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Ottoman Empire

By Kayla24
  • 1299

    Osman I founded the Ottoman Empire

    Osman l was a leader of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia and also founded the Ottoman Empire.
  • May 29, 1453

    Mehmed II captured Constantinople putting an end to the Byzantine Empire

    The Byzantine Empire ended when the Ottomans breached Constantinople ancient land wall after attacking the city for 55 days.
  • 1459

    The Ottomans conquers most of Serbia

    The Turks went on their conquest until they finally seized all of northern Serbian territory. The only Serbian territories that were free were parts of Bosnia and Zera. When the fall of Zeta happened Serbia then was ruled by the Ottoman Empire for around three centuries.
  • 1509

    The Ottomans conquered Iraq

    The Ottoman Empire was apart of the three disparate provinces Basra, Baghdad, and Mosul that take up modern day Iraq. The Safavids, a group led by Ismail Shah, conquered Iraq. This started a series of protracted battles with the Ottomans.
  • 1517

    Ottomans conquered Egypt bringing Egypt into the empire

    Ottoman Sultan Selim l conquered Egypt defeating the Mameluk forces immediately outside Cairo.
  • 1520

    Suleiman the Magnificent became ruler of the Ottoman Empire

    Suleiman the Magnificent became the king of the Ottoman Empire, at the start of the “Golden Age” of the Empires long history before death. As the king he was an excellent leader who helped transform the Empire into an economic powerhouse. He also changed the law and created a single legal code.
  • 1551

    The Ottomans conquered Libya

    The Italo-Turkish War was a war between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Italy. The result of this was the Ottoman Turks refused the provinces of Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica to Italy.
  • 1566

    Suleiman dies

    Suleiman the Magnificent died before the Ottoman victory at the battle of Szigetvar in Hungary. His death was actually kept a secret during a retreat.
  • The Siege of Vienna

    This was an expedition from the Ottomans against the Habsburg Holy Roman emperor Leopold l. This resulted in the defeat by a combined force brought by John lll Sobieski of Poland. The siege marked the beginning of the end of the domination of the Ottomans in Eastern Europe.
  • The Ottomans gave up the control of Hungary to Austria

    The Treaty of Carlowitz was a peace settlement that ended hostile behavior between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League (Austria, Poland, Venice, and Russia). This transferred Transylvania and a lot of Hungary from Turkish control to Austrian control.
  • Beginning of the Tulip period

    The tulip period was a period of peace. The Ottoman Empire began to start forms of elite consumption and sociability.
  • The Greek War of Independence started

    The Greek Independence was a rebellion between the Greeks within the Ottoman Empire. This was a struggle which ended in the establishment of an independent kingdom of Greece.
  • The Ottomans joined the side of the Central Powers in World War l

    The Ottoman Empire joined the central powers and they were the last members of the quartet and the kingdom of Bulgaria.
  • The Ottoman Empire is destroyed and the Republic of Turkey became a country

    The Ottoman Empire ended when the tittle of Ottoman Sultan was eliminated. Turkey was then declared a republic on October 29, 1923 because Mustafa Kerman Atatrurk founded the independent republic of Turkey.