4522e184 9be6 40a5 bd95 bdc54659afbe


  • Italian Campaign

    Italian Campaign
    The Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars were a series of conflicts fought principally in Northern Italy between the French Revolutionary Army and a Coalition of Austria, Russia, Piedmont-Sardinia, and a number of other Italian states.
  • Egyptian Campaign

    Egyptian Campaign
    The French campaign in Egypt and Syria was Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in the Ottoman territories of Egypt and Syria, proclaimed to defend French trade interests, to establish scientific enterprise
  • Consul for life

    Consul for life
    In August 1802, Napoleon proclaimed himself First Consul for Life. A new constitution of his own devising legislated a succession to rule for his son (even though he had not yet fathered any children) and he had taken the major steps in creating a new regime in his own image.
  • Consulate

    Consulate, (1799–1804) French government established after the Coup of 18–19 Brumaire (Nov. 9–10, 1799), during the French Revolution. ... Napoleon abolished the Consulate when he declared himself emperor in 1804.
  • Banque de France

    Banque de France
    Napoleon Bona­parte created the Banque de France to foster eco­nomic recovery after the strong recession of the revolu­tionary period. This new insti­tution was charged with issuing notes payable to bearer on sight, in return for dis­counting of trade bills. The ori­ginal statutes organised the activ­ities of the Bank, but other com­peting issuing insti­tu­tions remained.
  • The Concordat of 1801

    The Concordat of 1801
    The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801 in Paris. It remained in effect until 1905.
  • Napoleonic Code

    Napoleonic Code
    The Napoleonic Code, which influenced civil law codes across the world, replaced the fragmented laws of pre-revolutionary France, recognizing the principles of civil liberty, equality before the law (although not for women in the same sense as for men), and the secular character of the state.
  • Napoleon Coronation

    Napoleon Coronation
    Before coronation Pope asked Napoleon to do a church wedding with Josephine. Rather than have Pius place the gold laurel wreath on him, Napoleon took the wreath from the pope and crowned himself. Napoleon then proceeded to crown Josephine while Pius looked on quietly.
    Was happening in Notre-Dame de Paris
    France treasury in excess of $1 million
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval engagement between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies during the War of the Third Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars.
    Belligerents: France, Spain and United Kingdom
    Napoleon victory!
  • Abolished Holy Roman Empire

    Abolished Holy Roman Empire
    The Holy Roman Empire had survived over a thousand years when it was finally destroyed by Napoleon and the French in 1806. It may not have been holy or Roman or an empire, as Voltaire remarked, but whatever it was, it had survived for more than a thousand years since the coronation of Charlemagne in the year 800.
  • Continental System

    Continental System
    The Continental Blockade, or Continental System, was the foreign policy of Napoleon Bonaparte against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.
  • Resistance in Spain: Peninsular War

    Resistance in Spain: Peninsular War
    Peninsular War was the military conflict fought by Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal against the invading and occupying forces of France for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
    At Vitoria, Spain, a massive allied British, Portuguese, and Spanish force under British General Arthur Wellesley routs the French, effectively ending the Peninsular War.
  • Invasion of Russia

    Invasion of Russia
    The French invasion of Russia, also known as the Russian Campaign, the Second Polish War, the Second Polish Campaign, the Patriotic War of 1812, and the War of 1812, was begun by Napoleon to force Russia back into the Continental blockade of the United Kingdom.
  • Battle of Nations at Leipzig

    Battle of Nations at Leipzig
    Battle of Leipzig, also called Battle of the Nations, decisive defeat for Napoleon, resulting in the destruction of what was left of French power in Germany and Poland. ... After nine hours of assaults, the French were pushed back into the city's suburbs.
    Part of the War of the Sixth Coalition
    Coalition victory
  • Abdication

    Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority. Abdications have played various roles in the succession procedures of monarchies.
  • Hundred Days

    Hundred Days
    The Hundred Days, also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition, marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815.
  • The Battle of Waterloo

    The Battle of Waterloo
    The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French and marked the end of his Hundred Days return from exile. This ended the First French Empire and set a chronological milestone between serial European wars and decades of relative peace, often referred to as the Pax Britannica.
    Napoleon Victory!