FarrukhsiyarIn 1712 Jahandar Shah (Farrukhsiyar's uncle) ascended the throne of the Mughal empire by defeating Farrukhsiyar's father, Azim-ush-Shan. Farrukhsiyar wanted revenge for his father's death and was joined by Hussain Ali Khan and Abdullah Khan, his brother and the subahdar of Allahabad. Together they won the battle after many hardships . Then after long intervals of fighting farrukhsiyar proclaimed himself as the ruler and during his reign he worked for the welfare of the people .
Jahandar ShahJahandar Shah led a frivolous life, and his court was often enlivened by dancing and entertainment. He married Lal kunwar .His authority was rejected by the Nawab of the Carnatic, Muhammed Saadatullah Khan I, who killed De Singh of Orchha, primarily due to the Nawab's belief that he was the righteous commander of the Gingee Fort. Khan began a smear campaign referring to Jahandar Shah to leave the throne. To further strengthen his authority, Jahandar Shah sent gifts to the Ottoman Sultan Ahmad .
Bahadur Shah |After Aurangzeb's death, his eldest son Muhammad Azam Shah, declared himself successor, but was shortly defeated in one of the largest battles of India .During the reign of Bahadur Shah, the Rajput states were annexed again after they declared independence a few years previously. Shah also sparked an Islamic controversy in the khutba by inserting the declaration of Ali as wali. His reign was disturbed by several rebellions.Bahadur Shah was buried in the Moti Masjid at Mehrauli in Delhi.
Muhammad Azam ShahMohammad Shah was a patron of the performing arts, almost at the cost of administrative priorities, paving the way for the disintegration of governance. While Mughal political power did decline in his reign, the Emperor encouraged the arts, employing master artists whose vivacious paintings depict scenes of court life, such as Holi celebrations, hunting and hawking. The Mughal court of the time had musicians such as Niyamat Khan and his nephew Firoz Khan whose music was very popular at that time
AurangzebAurangzeb is known for being the emperor of India from 1658 to 1707. He was the last of the great Mughal emperors. Under him the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent, although his policies helped lead to its dissolution.
Shah jahanHe is widely considered one of the greatest Mughal emperors; under his reign the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its glory. Although an able military commander, Shah Jahan is perhaps best remembered for his architectural achievements. His reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal architecture.
JahangirJahangir was a known for his ambivalent stance on religion and his love for art. Like most Mughal rulers, Jahangir has given India few of the most iconic structures that have lasted the centuries without losing their glory. Also known as Nur-ud-din Mohammad Salim, he was known as the patron of arts.
AkbarAkbar had created a powerful army and instituted effective political and social reforms. By abolishing the sectarian tax on Hindus and appointing them to high civil and military posts, he was the first Muslim ruler to win the trust and loyalty of his Hindu subjects.
HumayunIn December 1530, Humayun succeeded his father to the throne of Delhi as ruler of the Mughal territories in the Indian subcontinent. Humayun was an inexperienced ruler when he came to power, at the age of 22. His half-brother Kamran Mirza inherited Kabul and Kandahar, the northernmost parts of their father's empire.
BaburConsidered as one of the finest Mughal emperors, Babur succeeded in securing the dynasty's position in Delhi after a series of sultanates failed to consolidate their seats and his empire went on to rule for over 300 years in India. He passed away on December 26 in 1530. He was 48.