Mughal Empire

  • Jan 26, 1504

    Babur captures Kabul

    making it and eastern Afghanistan the first possession of the Mughal empire
  • Period: Jan 1, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

  • Period: Jan 1, 1526 to Dec 26, 1530

    Babur is Ruler

  • Jan 26, 1526

    Babur defeats Sultan of Delhi

    In a battle at Panipat Babur defeats the sultan of Delhi, launching the Mughal empire in India.
  • Jan 26, 1527

    Victory at Khanua

    Victory at Khanua, over a Hindu confederation of Rajput rulers, brings Babur a tenuous control over most of northwest India
  • Period: Jan 26, 1530 to Jan 26, 1540

    Humayun is Ruler

  • Jan 26, 1540

    Humayun is Exiled

    Humayun, driven west into Afghanistan by Sher Shah, loses his empire.
  • Period: Jan 26, 1540 to Jan 26, 1554

    Suri Dynasty

  • Jan 26, 1555

    Humayun reconquered for a year

    A Civil war within India enables Humayun to win a battle at Sirhind and recover the Mughal throne
  • Jan 26, 1556

    Akbar starts his reign

    He is only 13
  • Period: Jan 26, 1556 to

    Akbar is Ruler

  • Jan 26, 1571

    Palace of Fatehpur Sikri

    Akbar builds his new palace of Fatehpur Sikri close to the shrine of a Sufi saint
  • Jan 26, 1573

    Change in architecture

    The tomb in Delhi of the Mughal emperor Humayun introduces the shape of dome which characterizes his dynasty's architecture
  • Period: to

    Jahangir is Ruler

  • School of painting

    The Mughal school of painting reaches a peak of perfection in the reign of Jahangir
  • Period: to

    Shah Jahan

  • Taj Mahal

    Shah Jahan begins building the Taj Mahal as a memorial for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal
  • Shah Jahan ends religious tolorance

    Shah Jahan orders that all recently built Hindu temples shall be destroyed, ending the Mughal tradition of religious tolerance.
  • Aurangzeb imprisons Shah Jahan

    For the final years of his life Shah Jahan is held a prisoner, by his son Aurangzeb, in Agra's Red Fort
  • Period: to


  • Aurangzeb builds Mosque

    The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb begins building the great Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
  • Period: to

    Many Other Short-Term Rulers

  • Aurangzeb Dies

    This starts the long period of decline in which the British east empire counqured the Mughals