Mueggenborg Unit 2 APWH

  • Period: 224 to Dec 31, 651

    Sasanid Empire

    Aryan Empire.
    Peak of Persians and had cultural influence all over.
    Covered a lot of the middle east.
  • Period: 250 to

    Maya Civilization

    Agriculture intensive, city-state, large steppe pyrimids and architecture.
    Unsure of reason for the fall of the Mayan civilization.
  • Period: 330 to Jan 11, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    Most powerful influence of its time.
    Seljuk turks took over.
    Crusades took a lot of blows to Byzantine.
  • Period: 330 to Jan 11, 1453


    Center of the Byzantine Empire after the fall of the Roman Empire.
    Now known as Istanbul after Muslims conquered.
  • Period: 570 to Dec 31, 632

    Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad had a vision and wrote it all down into what is now the Koran.
    Annual Hajj to Mecca to the black asteroid called Kaab.
    Five pillars.
  • Period: Jan 1, 632 to Dec 31, 1258

    Umayyad Caliphate

    Established after the death of Muhammad.
    Representatives of "God on the earth"
    Capital at Demascus.
  • Period: Apr 14, 632 to May 14, 632

    Split between Sunni and Shi'ite

    When Muhammad the prophet died there was a schism between who would succeed. Leading to seperation of the two sides who faver their own to rule.
  • Period: Jan 1, 711 to Dec 31, 1490

    Muslims conquer Spain

    took over after Roman Empire fell and the tribe after the Empire was weak.
    King Phillip II took over Spain and made Arabic and anything related to Islam illegal finally expelling Muslims by 1614.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1071 to Dec 31, 1243

    Seljuk Turks

    Antolia through Persia.
    Adopted Persian language and culture.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Dec 31, 1270


    Religious sanctioned military campaignes to restore Christian control of the Holy Lands.
    Launched in responce to the Christian Byzantine call to prevent Muslim expansion in Antolia.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1174 to Apr 11, 1192


    Led Muslims against Crusaders eventually to recapture Palestine.
    Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Dec 31, 1531

    Inca Civilization

    Absorbed Andean communities.
    Split by civil war Hanan and Hurin (highest and lowest).
    1533 Spanish Conquistadores arrive conquered much of the Inca area.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Dec 31, 1527

    Delhi Sultanate

    5 short lived islamic kingdoms: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khilji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526).
    Absorbed by Mughal Empire
  • Period: Apr 11, 1206 to Apr 11, 1227

    Genghis Khan

    United North Asian tribes to be called "Genghis Khan" and later start the Mongol Invasions.
    When he died he gave the empire over to Ogedei Khan and split the empire up to his sons and grandsons.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1207 to Apr 11, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    Genghis Khan unified central Asia, then conquered the Middle East, East Asia, and parts of Europe.
    Couldn't conquer Japan due to storm.
  • Period: Jan 14, 1215 to Dec 14, 1215

    Magna Carta

    First charter to limit the powers of the government and give rights to the people.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1230 to Dec 31, 1433

    Mali Kingdoms

    Mansa Musa I. Created a lot of Vassal kingdoms and spread culture towards niger river.
    Salt Copper Gold.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1250 to Dec 31, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    Inhabited current Mexico.
    Created the triple alliance of a tributary empire.
    The city of Tenochtitlan was built on islets on in Lake Texcoco.
    Spanish came and conquered and colonized.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1291 to Dec 31, 1516


    Slaves or soldiers in Abbasid.
    Power grew over time to rise above Sultans.
    1250 last sultan killed by mother, and she married Mamluks ruler.
    Defeated by the Ottomoans in 1517
  • Period: Jan 1, 1312 to Dec 31, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    Pilgrimage to Mecca.
    60,000 men, 12,000 slaves, heralds dressed in silks who bore gold staffs, organized horses and handled bags.
    Devaluated gold.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Dec 31, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    The House of Valois claimed the title of King of France and the House of Plantagnets/Anjou claimed the throne of England and France. Anjous had their roots in Normandy, France. Valois won
    Historical Significance: Joan of Arch, destruction to French Countryside, nationalism, and standing warefare.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    Last ethnic Hans to rule China.
    Restore Grand Canal, Great Wall, and founded the forbidden city in Beijing.
    Lots of trade
  • Period: Jan 1, 1370 to Dec 31, 1405


    Fought to restore the Mongol Empire and founder of Timured Empire & Dynasty.
    Central Asia flourship other cities like Baghdad destroyed.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1400 to Apr 15, 1400

    Gutenberg Press

    A printing system with a perfect printing process for better production and the abillity to mass produce books.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1405 to Dec 31, 1433

    Zheng He

    Mariner, explorer, diplomat, and admiral of China.
    Commanded voyages and discovered many new ideas from other lands.
    His findings were later burned and destroyed by government.
  • Period: Apr 12, 1435 to

    Songhai Kingdom

    West africa.
    One of the largest islamic empires.
    Came after Mali.
  • Period: Apr 14, 1450 to


    Realistic ideas and thinking.
    Studying old works and steering away from religious theology and more on the reality of the world around them.
    "The beginning of modern history."
    Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo, Newton, etc.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1462 to Dec 31, 1505

    Ivan III

    "Ivan the Great"
    Laid the foundation for the Russian state and expanded territory.
    One of the longest running Russian rulers.
  • Period: to

    Sui Empire

    Reunified North and South China.
    Constructed the Grand Canal.
    Buddhism spread
  • Period: to

    Tang Dynasty

    Lots of progress and stability.
    Large growth in Chinese poetry.
    Thriving literature, culture and buddhism spread.
    Influence throughout world.
  • Period: to Dec 31, 1278

    Song Dynasty

    North and South Song.
    Very devided.
  • Period: to Dec 31, 1229

    Ghana Kingdom

    Salt and gold.
    Great mililtary and had district leaders
  • Period: to


    King of the Franks then Emporer of the Romans.
    Carolingians Renaissaince throught the Catholic Church.
    Father of Europe.
  • Period: to

    Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    Lead to Princes rule when Emporer weakend.
    Included at points the Kingdoms of Italy, Germany, Burgandy, etc.
    Renaissance and Boroque period are defient parts of the empire.
  • Period: to Dec 31, 1030

    Abbasid Caliphate

    Abbasid power had ups and downs. Completely ended in 1258.
    Third of the caliphates and built capital in Baghdad
    Turkish army grew, mongol invasion, and weaking caused fall.
    Supported, largely, Arabs.
    Towards the end Caliphs were only figureheads
  • Period: to Dec 31, 1240

    Kievan Russia

    Old state of Russia. Slavics and Scandinavians.
    Fell due to internal princley family struggle, fall of Byzantine, and Mongol invasion.