Modern China in 1911-2000

  • Period: to

    Song Jiaoren

    Song Jiaoren was a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang (KMT). He was assassinated in 1913 after leading his Kuomintang party to victory in China's first democratic elections. Evidence strongly implied that China's provisional president, Yuan Shikai, was responsible for his assassination.
  • Chiang Kai-Shek born

    Chiang Kai-Shek born
  • Chiang Kai-Shek attends Military State College in Tokyo

  • Period: to

    Abdication of the last Qing Emperor of China, Puyi

    A deal signed with the new Republic of China, Puyi was to retain his imperial title and be treated by the government of the Republic with the protocol attached to a foreign monarch. Puyi and the imperial court were allowed to remain in the northern half of the Forbidden City (the Private Apartments) as well as in the Summer Palace. A hefty annual subsidy of four million silver taels was granted by the Republic to the imperial household, although it was never fully paid and was abolished after ju
  • Xinhai Revolution

    Xinhai Revolution
    a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, and established the Republic of China.
  • Sun Yat-Sen becomes the provisional President of the Republic of China

  • Foundation of Kuomintang

    Foundation of Kuomintang
    one of the dominant parties of the early Republic of China, from 1912 onwards, and remains one of the main political parties in modern Taiwan. Its guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat-sen.
  • Yuan Shikai elected as President of the new Republic of China

    However, he did not gain the full support of the majority Kuomintang (KMT) party which was led by Sun Yat-sen.
  • Twenty-One Demands

    Twenty-One Demands
    The Twenty-One Demands were a set of demands made by the Empire of Japan under Prime Minister Ōkuma Shigenobu sent to the nominal government of the Republic of China on January 18, 1915, resulting in two treaties with Japan on May 25, 1915.
  • Period: to

    The Chinese Warlord Era

    The Chinese Warlord Era was the period in the history of the Republic of China, from 1916 to 1928, when the country was divided among military cliques in the mainland China regions of Sichuan, Shanxi, Qinghai, Ningxia, Guangdong, Guangxi, Gansu, Yunnan, and Xinjiang.
  • May Fourth Movement

    May Fourth Movement
    The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially the Shandong Problem. These demonstrations sparked national protests and marked the upsurge of Chinese nationalism, a shift towards political mobilization and away from cultural activitie
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I.
    Gave a start to theMa Fourth Movement.
  • Sun Yat-sen reelected as the president of the Kuomintang

    Sun Yat-sen was reelected as the president of the Kuomintang on 10 October 1919 and remained in his position until 12 March 1925. Having failed in his initial efforts, Sun embarked on consolidating alliance with Chinese communists and adopted a policy of Active Corporation. He viewed the Military forces as the only weapon to unify China and establish a democracy in the country.
  • Th Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

    Th Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
    Ceators:ChenDuxiu, Li Dazhao
    It is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. Since becoming an institution of the state, aside from official commitment to communism and Marxism-Leninism, factions including consumerist and neoliberal figures including business people on the right who effectively support capitalism, as well as factions on the left that oppose the right in the party, and other factions.
  • The First United Front

    The First United Front of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) was formed in 1922 as an alliance to end warlordism in China. Together, they formed the National Revolutionary Army and set out in 1926 on the Northern Expedition. The CCP joined the KMT as individuals, making use of KMT's superiority in numbers to help spread communism. The KMT, on the other hand, wanted to control the communists from within.
  • Chiang Kai-Shek became the head of the Whampoa Military Academy

  • Chiang Kai-Shek becomes the leader of Kuomintang

  • The Northern Expedition

    The Northern Expedition
    The Northern Expedition's main objective was to unify China under the Kuomintang banner by ending the rule of local warlords. It led to the demise of the Beiyang government and to the Chinese reunification of 1928.
  • Period: to

    Nanjing decade

    It began when Nationalist Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek took the city from Zhili clique warlord Sun Chuanfang halfway through the Northern Expedition in 1927. He declared it to be the national capital despite the other Nationalists already having made Wuhan the capital. The Wuhan faction gave in and the expedition continued until the rival Beiyang government in Beijing was defeated in 1928.
  • Invasion of Manchuria

    Invasion of Manchuria
    The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began on September 19, 1931, when Manchuria was invaded by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state, called Manchukuo, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II.
  • The Jiangxi Soviet

    The Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet (commonly called the Jiangxi Soviet) was the largest component territory of the Chinese Soviet Republic, an unrecognized state established in November 1931 by Mao Zedong and Zhu De during the Chinese civil war.
  • Period: to

    The Long March

    The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army. There was not one Long March, but a series of marches, as various Communist armies in the south escaped to the north and west. The most well known is the march from Jiangxi province which began in October.
  • Mao Zedong Came to Power

    Mao Zedong Came to Power
  • Marriage Law

    Mao introduced the marriage law where the situation of women was improved.
  • Thought Reform

  • The Great Leap Forward

  • The Hundred Flowers Campaign

  • The Cultural Revolution

  • Mao Zedong's Death

  • The Ten Year Plan

  • Period: to

    Phase 1 of Industrial Reform

  • The Third plenum of the 5th National People's Congress

    An approval of party reorganization and transfer of power. Deng and six vice-premiers resigned
  • Deng Xiaoping came to power

    Deng Xiaoping came to power
  • Phase 2 of Industrial Reform

    Resolution on the Reofrm of the Economic System. Loosened government control over enterprises while retaining public ownership.
  • Tiananmen Square massacre

    Tiananmen Square massacre