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China's History

  • Chinese Communist Party is formed

    Chinese Communist Party is formed
    The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was formed in June of 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in Shanghai. It was based off the Marxist ideas spreading through Asia, at the time. This group originally worked in cooperation with the Nationalist Party, Eventually the tie was broken, for they differed ideologically.
    Threatened by massive executions, the heads of the CCP fled to Hunan where they joined Mao Zedong, the peasant representative of the Communist Party.
  • National Revolutionary Army Formed

    National Revolutionary Army Formed
    The National Revolutionary Army (NRA) was the Military Arm of the Kuomintang (KMT) from 1925 until 1947. Originally organized with Soviet aid as a means for the KMT to unify China against warlordism, which was used to describe chaos at the end of the Qing Dynasty and the birth of the Republic of China.
  • Period: to

    Japan invades China

    Japan starts to occupy more and more of China during the second World War.
  • Long March

    Long March
    The Long March was a historic journey of 6,000 miles, in which Communist army forces fled their bases in Jiangxi province in south China. This journey saved Mao Zedong and the CCP from the attacks by the Nationalist Party. The Long March originated because the Chinese Communists were being threatened by the Nationalist Party; this had been ordered by Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the Nationalist Party.
  • Two parties unite against Japan

    The Nationalists and Communists unite against Japanese. Civil war resumes soon after Japan's defeat in World War II.
  • Founding of People's Republic of China

    Mao Zedong, having led the Communists to victory against the Nationalists after more than 20 years of civil war, founds the People's Republic of China.
  • Nationalists go to Taiwan

    Nationalists go to Taiwan
    The Nationalists retreat to the island of Taiwan and set up a government there.
  • Proclamation of the People's Republic of China

    It was created by Mao Zedong for the people of China. The people were defined as a coalition of four social classes: the workers, the peasants, the petite bourgeoisie, and the national-capitalists. The people were under Mao's chairmanship, and the government was headed by Zhou Enlai.
  • New Marriag Laws

    New Marriag Laws
    Delivered by Mao Zedong, it provided a civil registry for legal marriages, raised the marriageable age to 20 for males and 18 for females, and banned marriage by proxy; both parties had to consent to a marriage. As a result, divorce rates have gone up and women have increased financial importance in the household.
  • Agrarian Reform Law

    Agrarian Reform Law
    In the beginning, the major portion of agrarian areas in China were owned by large landlords and they used to manipulate most of the agrarian activities.The objective of agrarian reform law China was to distribute the land of rural landlords, to the landless rural peasants.Their prime target was to abolish the feudal agrarian system.
  • Hundred Flowers Campaign

    It refers mainly to a brief six weeks in the People's Republic of China in the early summer of 1957 [1] during which the Communist Party of China (CPC) encouraged a variety of views and solutions to national policy issues. Afterwards the People's Republic of China cracked down on the liberization movement.
  • Great Leap Forward

    This five year economic plan is launched by Mao Zedong. After the farming industry fails, it is blammed foe the starvation of millions of Chinese citizens.
  • Mao Zedong's Death

    Mao Zedong's Death
    Mao Zedong was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, Marxist political philosopher, and leader of the Chinese Revolution. He founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, and held control over China until his death.
  • Deng Xiaoping Takes over

    Deng Xiaoping Takes over
  • One Child Policy

    It was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to limit communist China's population growth. Although i was designed as a "temporary measure," it affects many still today. The policy limits couples to one child. Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies.
  • Higher Education

    Higher Education
    Free higher education is abolished and replaced by academic scholarships based on academic ability.
  • Missile Testing

    China tests missiles and holds military exercises in the Taiwan Strait. This was done to intimidate Taiwan during its presidential elections.
  • Olympics

    Beijing, China is awarded the 2008 Olympic Games. Many competitors from the US won gold metals, including Michael Phelps, a swimmer, who one 8 gold metals at Beijing.
  • China enters the World Trade Organization

    China enters the World Trade Organization
    China officially entered the World Trade Organization, becoming its 143rd member. It was said that China, as a WTO member, will participate in a new round of multilateral trade negotiations, in which the country will play a constructive role.
  • First manned Spacecraft

    First manned Spacecraft
    Shenzhou 5 was launched carrying Yang Liwei for 14 orbits around Earth. China became the third country in the world to have fly a human manned spacecraft, after the Soviet Union and the United States.
  • Setteling border conflicts with Russia

    Setteling border conflicts with Russia
    China signes agreement with Russia setteling their long-lasting border conflicts. The move also marked "the end of demarcation work of the 4,300-km Sino-Russian boundary." The areas to be returned - the Yinlong Island and half of the Heixiazi Island are territories the former Soviet Union occupied during a 1929 border skirmish.