Mao

Chinese Revolution (AOS2) 1949 - 1971

  • Common Program

  • Fanshen - Agrarian Reform Act

    "got their revenge on those who had oppressed them" - Fenby
    "education of the peasants into socialism" - Mao
    "ordinary people has qualms about persecuting their erstwhile neighbours" - Dikötter
    "the objectives of land reform also included information and control" - Morton
  • Period: to

    Korean War

    "Mao himself admitted that there were at least 1 million executions and sober foreign estimates have run as high as 5 million" - Schrecker
    by "1951 80% of all Chinese had had to take part in accusation meetings or watch organised lynchings and public executions" - Leys
  • Thought Reform

    Meisner: " at least 135,000 official executions during first 6 months"
  • Speak Bitterness/Frankness Campaign

  • Period: to

    Peasant Collectivisation - 1st movement

    "peasant individualism ... posed a threat ... to the socialist gals' of the CCP "Collectivisation brought neither the economic disaster some feared nor the economic growth its advocates expected" - Meisner
  • Period: to

    Sanfan and Wufan Campaigns

    Sanfan (1951) targeted corruption, waste and bureaucracy
    Wufan (1952) targeted bribery, tax evasion, theft of state property, cheating on gvt and stealing info
    - Allowed the CCP to eliminate private enterprise and bourgeois businesses
    - Retail sales (under state control) increased 306% during 1952
    - State controlled 95% of all foreign trade
    - Initiated culture of "informing against"
  • Mass Organisations

    All-China Federation of Democratic Youth: 18 million
    All-China Federation of Trade Unions: 10.2 million
    Young Pioneers (ages 9-14): 8 million
    All-China Democratic Federation: 3.29 million
  • Period: to

    First 5 Year Plan

    "achieved considerable success" - Chang
    "meaning of socialism became increasingly ambiguous" - Meisner
  • First Elections

  • Hundred Flowers Campaign

    "silenced the intellectuals" - Hsu
  • Anti-Rightist Movement

    "the purpose [of 100F] was to let... poisonous weeds sprout and grow" - Mao
  • Period: to

    Great Leap Forward

    "to revive the socialist goals and spirit of a revolution that was dying"
    "a legacy of bitterness" - Meisner
    "I take responsibility" "I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction - Mao
  • Period: to

    Peasant Collectivisation

    "the once individualistic Chinese have become the most regimented people in the world" - Hsu
    "the state had become the ultimate landlord" - Fairbank
  • Peng Duhuai Expelled

  • Period: to

    Three Bitter Years

    "Sycophantic provincial leaders cooked the books" - Craddock
    "legacy of bitterness and mistrust" bt peasant and CCP - Meisner
  • Party growth under CR

    BY 1961:
    - CCP reached membership of 17mil, growing by 1mil per annum
    - Communist Youth League at 25mil members
    - Federation of Trade Unions at 20ml members
    - Womens Federation at 75mil members
    - Students' Federation at 4mil members
  • Period: to

    Capitalist Roaders

  • Period: to

    The unfolding of the Cultural Revolution

    "determined to regain political supremecy" - Meisner
  • Quotes on Capitalist Roaders

    "the price for economic progress... the decay of the spirit of Maoist ideological precepts...and an ever widening gap between town and countryside" - Meisner
    "conflict between radical Maoists and party bureaucrats grew increasingly sharp and eventually irreconcilable"
  • Group of Four

    "She (Jiang) was the power behind Mao" - Hsu
    "I bit whom he (Mao) said to bite" - Jiang
  • Formation of the Red Guards

    "bombard the headquarters" "right to rebel" - Mao
    "intellectuals...most conveniently identifiable as 'bourgeois'" - Meisner
  • Period: to

    Cultural Revolution

  • May 16th Circular

  • Mao's Yangtze River Swim

    "to the Chinese represented a National awakening" - Lynch
    "It's my revolution; mine to win and mine to lose" - Dr Li quoting Mao
  • First Red Guard Rally

    "It is right to rebel" - Mao
  • Wuhan Incident

  • Shanghai Independence

  • Outcomes of the GPCR

    "ushered in a decade of turmoil and strife...drove the country to utter chaos and the brink of bankruptcy" - Hsu
  • Party members suffer

    "The Party had been decimated" - Hsu
  • Lin Biao named Mao's successor

  • Death of Lin Biao