APCG Project - The Development of China's Government

  • Period: to

    Sun Yat-sen's reign as provisional president

  • Yuan Shikai becomes the first president of China

    Yuan Shikai becomes the first president of China
    Source:
    Yuan Shikai become the first official president of the People's Republic of China.
  • The end of the dynastic rule in China

    The end of the dynastic rule in China
    The formation of a provisional government after the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty's rule. The Xinhai Revolution stopped the 2,000 years of ruling dynasties in China.
  • Sun Yat-sen elected as president

    Sun Yat-sen elected as president
    Source:
    Sun Yat-sen was elected the provisional president of the United Provinces of China. He resigned soon after in hopes that there would be more unity between rival factions.
  • Kuomintang won control of the Assembly

    Kuomintang won control of the Assembly
    Kuomintang (the National People's Party) was a political party created by Sun Yat-sen.
  • Yuan Shikai names himself emperor

    Yuan Shikai names himself emperor
    After abolishing the national and provincial assemblies, Yuan Shikai named himself emperor of China, trying to bring back the Chinese Monarchy.
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    New Culture Movement

    An anti-imperialist, cultural, and political protest on the Chinese Government's response to the Treaty of Versailles.
    This was also a time of chaos, where the country was ruled mostly by shifting coalitions of provincial military leaders competing (for leadership of the country).
  • Yuan Shikai abdicates the throne

    Yuan Shikai abdicates the throne
    For fear of rebellion, Yuan Shikai abdicates the throne in March of 1916.
  • Start of the May Fourth Movement

    Start of the May Fourth Movement
    A political protest that stemmed from a student demonstration that protested the Chinese Government's response to the Treaty of Versailles.
  • Sun Yat-sen dies

    Sun Yat-sen dies
    Sun Yat-sen died from cancer.
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    Northern Expedition

    A military campaign by the Kuomintang (KMT) led by Chiang Kai-shek (who took control of the KMT after Sun Yat-sen's death). The main objective of the campaign was to unite China and end the rule of the warlords (and coalitions).
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    Chinese Civil War

    A war between the loyalties of citizens to the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It started with Chiang Kai-Shek's Northern Expedition and ended when all the major battles had been fought. It resulted in the creation of two states: the Republic of China (ROC in Taiwan) and the People's Republic of China (in mainland China).
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    Long March

    A cross-country trek led by Mao Zedong.
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    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The conflict between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang were set aside to fight the Second Sino-Japanese War, a resistance effort to prevent Japan influence from expanding into their territory.
  • The creation of the People's Republic of China

    The creation of the People's Republic of China
    The Communist Party of China (CPC) has gained almost total control of the country and gained a lot of support from the people. The CPC gained dominance due to too many military mistakes on the part of the KMT and their leader Chiang Kai-shek. His party was also weakened by the Sino-Japanese War.
  • The Hundred Flowers Campaign

    The Hundred Flowers Campaign
    Source:The campaign encouraged citizens to give their honest opinions on China's government and leaders. Most who did were sent to jail.
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    Great Leap Forward (China's second five-year plan)

    China's second five-year plan was a complete failure. Its main objective was to expand the industrial sectors and encourage economic growth in all sectors. It was also supposed to create better living standards and strengthen national defenses. People had no clear leadership and were not given specific orders which caused the whole plan to fall apart. It also caused less concentration in food production, which led to famine. The Great Leap Foward was the last time China suffered through famine.
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    Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

    The main goal of the Cultural Revolution was to preserve the pure ideologies of the Communist party by way of eradicating capitalist and traditional ideas from Chinese society and to impose Maoist thought.
    The Cultural Revolution was declared to have ended in 1969 by Mao Zedong himself. However, Maoist policies and anything related to the Cultural Revolution was finally dismantled by Deng Xiaoping in 1976.
    It was declared to have caused the most "severe setback" for the entire country.
  • The People's Republic of China was recognised and admitted by the United Nations

    The People's Republic of China was recognised and admitted by the United Nations
    The PRC was recognized by the United Nations and came to replace the Republic of China (ROC) in the United Nation's membership status;
  • Mao Zedong dies

    Mao Zedong dies
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    Deng Xiaoping's reign as the Paramount Leader of China

  • The adoption of the Constitution of 1982

    The adoption of the Constitution of 1982
    The People's Republic of China form and adopt their current constitution, known as the Constitution of 1982. The constitution is still used to this day.
  • Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

    Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989
    Months of campaigning by students on the greed and corruption of those in power in the government as well as fighting for political reforms that give citizens more rights. It ended on June 4th of 1989 when the People's Liberation Army (PLA) forcibly cleared the square.
  • Hong Kong is returned to China

    Hong Kong is returned to China
  • Hu Jintao becomes the new paramount leader after Jiang Zemin

    Hu Jintao becomes the new paramount leader after Jiang Zemin
    His leadership ended in 2012.
  • Xi Jinping becomes the current president of China

    Xi Jinping becomes the current president of China