Built between 220 and 206 BCE. Built east to west on the northern border of china. To protect against intruders, mostly Mongolians. Qin Shi Huang was the first emporer of China. the working class and slaves, criminals aswell, built the great wall. Many people died during the construction and were built into the wall. the Wall was mainly built out of earth stone and some wood. Many of the stones on the top of the of the wall had decorational design.
473 bc, it was founded in india, its popular in the far east, its a religon, that holds buddha sacred, the object is to find nirvanna, connects to karma, its dominant in the far east.
Confucius: a Chinese philosopher, well known for the golden rule, 551 BCE - 479 BCE
Buddha: a sage of the ancient Shakya Republic, teachings founded Buddhism, 563 BCE - 483 BCE
May 24, 600
600 bce, it ia a major religon in china, the main goal is to learn and practice "the way", which is the truth to the universe.
May 15, 1046
the Zhou Dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history. the introduced iron and developed new weapons.
May 24, 1046
mandate of heaven
poclaimed during the zhou dynasty, it is a traditional philosphical concept concerning the the person in rule.
Nov 9, 1368
1368-1644 ACE. followed the collapse of the Mongolian empire. was said to be on of the greatest orderly eras of ruling power. this was the last dynasty ruled by ethnic Han Chinese. after bejing fell in 1644 to a rebellion, the dynasty was soon replaced by the Qing dynasty.
1644-1912 ACE.was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan. The Aisin Gioro leader, began unifying the Jurchen clans in the late sixteenth century. In 1644, the Ming capital Beijing was sacked by a peasant revolt led by Li Zicheng. The last Ming ruler, the Chongzhen Emperor, committed suicide when the city fell.
Japan emerged in 1853 from two and a half centuries of self-imposed peaceful isolation, then there was extreme territory expansion.
also known as the Anglo-Chinese War, this was the climax of trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty.
from 1899 to 1901 ACE. the boxer rebellion was an anti-foreign, proto-nationalist movement by the Righteous Harmony Society. major drought and economic desruption caused anger throughout china. political invasions started to form, and violence rose. and in 1900 the boxer rebels fought against all foriengers.
open door policy
this is a concept in foreign affairs, it refers to the policy in 1899 "allowing multiple Imperial powers access to China, with none of them in control of that country".
republic of china
this is actually taiwan a state owned by china in east main land china. frist established in 1911.
may fourth movement.
this was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919.
sun yat sen
Sun Yat Sen: a Chinese revolutionary and the founding father of the Republic of China (Nationalist China), referred to as the Father of the Nation, helped overthrow the rule of the Qing Dynasty, co-founded the KMT and was the first leader, in office 1919-1925
Chinese Civil War
this war was fought between the republic party of china and the communist party of china.
it first from the marxist movemnt which intiated the coming of communism. many countries in the general area of china found this as their government style.
Chiang Kai-Shek: a 20th century Chinese military and political leader, an influential member of the Nationalist Party, in office 1928-1931, did not hold good relations with the Communist Party, fought a nation wide civil war.
the long march, october 1934- october 1935, was a milatry retreat
Mao Zedong: a Chinese communist politician, the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, governed the country as Chairman until his death, 1945-1976 in office
The Chinese Revolution of 1949. On October 1, 1949, Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China. this became a huge communist structure that would be built on to today.
peoples rebublic of china
the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country. the prc is the officail term for china. the peoples rebublic was proclaimed in 1949.
giant leap forward
this was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China. to grow the agriculture of china.
this was a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China from 1966 through 1976.
the gang of four
The Gang of Four: a political faction made up of four Chinese Communist Party officials, 1966-1976 during the Cultural Revolution, charged with treasonous crimes
Red Guards: a social movement of young paramilitary people in the People’s Republic of China, 1966-1967 were mobilized during the Cultural Revolution
Deng Xiaoping: in office 1982-1987, a politician and reformist leader for the Communist Party of China, served as a paramount leader
tianamen square massacre
government troops withguns and tanks inflicted thousands of casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance on Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing.
Mongols: people who inhabit Mongolia, first appeared during the Tang dynasty (8th century