Timeline of Republic of China

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Taiwan as part of China

    Chinese history recorded to have Taiwan as a part of its territory. Aboriginals lived in Taiwan. Some Chinese people migrated to Taiwan due to famine in China.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Portuguese in Taiwan

    Portuguese established forts in Taiwan as part of its trading routes. They named Taiwan "Ilha Formosa", meaning beautiful island.
  • Dutch colonialism

    The Dutch established Fort Zeelandia, Spanish established Fort Santa Domingo. Japan unsuccessfully attacked Taiwan several time. Eventaully, Dutch become the sole ruling power; Spanish and Portuguese retreated.
  • Zheng Cheng Gong captured Taiwan

    Zheng Cheng Gong captured Taiwan
    Zheng Cheng Gong (鄭成功) in Ming Dynasty, captured Taiwan. Taiwan was no longer under colonial rule. The Chinese did not really cared about Taiwan for being a lonely island in the middle of the sea.
  • Taiwan as a province

    Taiwan as a province
    Taiwan officially became a province in Qing Dynasty.
  • Treaty of Shimonoseki

    Treaty of Shimonoseki
    Qing Empire signed Treaty of Shimonoseki (下関条約) ceding Taiwan to Japan after being defeated in the First Sino-Japanese War (甲午戰爭)
  • Japan ruled Taiwan

    Taiwan was under the suppress of Japanese Imperialists, they proclaimed Taiwan as the Republic of Formosa. However, this resulted in tremendous improvements, industralizations, and achievements politically, economically, and socially.
  • The Establishment of Republic of China

    The Establishment of Republic of China
    Dr. Sun Yat-sen led the Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命), the last emporer, Puyi, abdicated his throne. Monarchy was abolished, Republic of China (中華民國)was established by Kuomingtang (Nationalist Party).
  • Communist Party founded

    Communist Party founded
    The Communist Party of China was founded by Mao Zedong and others after the May Fourth Movement in 1919.
  • Civil War

    Civil War broke out between Communist Party and KMT party. Mao and Chiang kai-shek, two power-hungry tyrants, saw the being the leader of China everything that mattered to them. Thousands died in this war, especially in the Long March.
  • White Terror

    White Terror
    An ongoing event of suppression and execution of political dissidents under KMT government that ended in 1949. The Communist Party nearly destroyed.
  • Petition of Establishment of Taiwan Parliament

    Taiwanese seeked self-determination, Japanese refused, and led to many uprisings among the Aboriginal tribes
  • Japan invaded China

    Japan invaded China
    Japan invaded China and led to the outbreak of Second Sino-Japanese War and ultimately World War II. WWII began here, not in Europe. China was unable to defeat the Japanese, mass murders occurred when the Japanese captured many cities, such as Nanjing Massacre, occurred in the former capital city of China. Both parties recognized Chinese needed to be united as a nation of defeat foreign invaders.
  • Japanese Surrendered

    The Empire of Japan surrendered after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. WWII ended. Taiwan was returned to China under KMT government.
  • Civil War again

    Civil War again
    After Japan was defeated, conflicts soon rose between Mao's Communist Party and Chiang's KMT. Both seeked to be the sole ruler of China, resulted in the outbreak of civil war once again.
  • 228 Incident

    228 Incident took place in Taiwan as part of the White Terror led by the Martial Law. Military police pistol-whipped an old woman believed to be selling contraband cigarettes. Her death sparked island-wide revolts and protests.
    Over 20,000 Taiwanese people executed, wiping out a generation of political and academic elite.
  • The Establishment of People's Republic of China

    The Establishment of People's Republic of China
    KMT was defeated and retreated to Taiwan. Mao's Communist Party established People's Republic of China.
  • First Taiwan Strait Crisis

    China's invasion of Taiwan failed due to the interference of Korean War.
  • Treaty of San Francisco

    Treaty of San Francisco
    Treaty of San Francisco officially signed by 49 nations. Japan officially renounced claims to Taiwan.
  • Treaty of Taipei

    Treaty of Taipei
    Treaty of San Francisco came into force. Japan renounced to have the claim to Taiwan but failed. Japan and the Republic of China then sign Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty.
  • The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

    The crisis started with the 823 Artillery Bombardment when People's Liberation Army forces began an artillery bombardment, ROC forces returned fire. 2,500 ROC troops and 200 PRC troops were killed.
  • UN General Assembly Resolution 2758

    UN General Assembly Resolution 2758
    The US formally announced the "two China" policy, supporting admission of the People's Republic of China into the UN. Taiwan got US' back.
    However, the resolution, passed in October 25, 1971, recognized PRC as "the only legitimate representative of China to the United Nations" and expelled ROC, which unlawfully occupied as a member of UN.
  • UN Security Council

    The seat for "China" at the United Nations Security Council assumed ROC as part of the PRC.
  • Democratic Progressive Party Established

    Democratic Progressive Party Established
    The Democratic Progressive Party was founded in 1986, DPP is the first meaningful opposition party in Taiwan.
  • Martial Law Suppressed

    Today,martial law still exist, but have been suppressed in Taiwan and hold no power.
  • Lee Teng-hui as president

    Lee Teng-hui (李登輝) was known as the "father of Taiwan's democracy"
  • Third Taiwan Strait Crisis

    The Third Taiwan Strait Crisis was the effect of a series of missile tests conducted by the PRC in the waters surrounding Taiwan .The first set of missiles fired in 1995 were intended to send a strong signal to the "one-China policy".
  • Chen Shui-bian as President

    Chen Shui-bian as President
    Chen Shui-bian (陳水扁), the opposition candidate from the DPP, elected as the president of Taiwan. His policy towards mainland China was "Taiwan is independent", which intensified the Cross-Strait relations.
  • Anti-Succession Law

    Anti-Succession Law
    Chinese government passed the Anti-Succession Law (反分裂國家法) which emphasized that Taiwan is part of China and threatened the use of force against Taiwan if the government declared independence. In response, 1.6 million people marched in Taipei against China's "anti-secession law". Similar marches occur across the world by Taiwanese nationalists.
  • UN Rejection

    Taiwan applied for membership in the United Nations under the name "Taiwan", and was rejected by the General Assembly.
  • President Ma Elected

    President Ma Elected
    President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九)elected as the president of Taiwan, KMT gained its popularity after former President Chen was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for corruption, KMT becomes the dominant party once again. His policy towards China is to promote the Cross-Strait relations without China's political control over Taiwan.