Mao Zedong officially proclaims the the exsistence of the Peoples Republic of China, after naming himself head of state. He wants to make China better through "communism".
"Mao Zedong" signs a peace treaty in Moscow
Mao Zedong signs a peace treaty with Joseph Stalin to form an allience with the USSR and PRC.The treaties official name is Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Allience and Mutual Assistence.
*Begin of the "Great Leap Forward" campaign
Mao Zedong started a campaign to try and convert China from an agricultural society to a more modern industrial society in five years. He promoted his campaign by using "propoganda" to make the people of China feel better about it.
*Mao's ideals of an industrial society leads to backyard furnaces
Mao ordered the construction of backyard furnaces so that any steel that civilians had such as pots and pans so that China no longer had to import steel.
* "Great Leap Forward" starts largest famine in human history
Due to focus on industrial views agricultural ideals were not used, this caused the erosion of deforestion pactches making them unarable and farming methods still in use were crude and made the arable land left with no nutrients. With the majority farmers sent to industrial production there was not enough food to feed the chinese people.
*Large-scale deforestation due to cultivation of wood for furnaces
There was a large amount of deforestation for backyard furnaces which led to open patches of land that overtime started to erode.
*End of the "Great Chinese Famine"
Over the years of the famine many officials tried to tell him what was happening, soon after they would be denounced. It finally ended when the second-ranking official conviced him to stop and he afterwards imported wheat from other countries which ended the famine.
*End of the "Great Leap Forward" campaign
The campaign ended due to the "Great Chinese Famine". Mao Zedong was demoted from Chairmen and was critized for what he had done.
"The Little Red Book" is published
This book of quotations written by Mao Zedong of his selected text from speeches and writings.
Begining of the "Cultural Revolution"
At a conference on May 16, in Beijing, Mao Zedong officially launched the start of the "Cultural Revolution". This became known as the "May 16 Notification".
The 'Red Guards'
A huge mass of para-military, the majority were young people who believed greatly in the ideals of Mao Zedong.
Mao Zedong goes to a rally to meet with Red Guards
Mao Zedong goes to the rally wearing the Red Guard uniform. This rally showed that he approved of the Red Guard movement and the start of the Red Guards significance in the Cultural Revolution.
Red Guards are ordered to attack the "Four Olds"
Red Guards with ideals of destroying the Four Olds (Old Customs, Old Culture, Old Habits, Old Ideas). This created conflict over the years due too the process of how they carryed the order out.
Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82
*End of the 'Cultural Revolution'
The revolution ended after Mao Zedong died.
"Deng Xiaoping" wins the power struggle after Mao's death.
Deng Xiaoping introduces "The Four Modernizations".
First introduced by Zhou Enlai, Xiapong Deng trys to reestablish the ideal. They state that to modernize China they must strengthen in agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology.
*Chinese professor with western views speaks of Democracy
A chinese professor Yang Lizhi, who returned from a university in New jersey, returned with western ideals. He began making tours with students to universities speaking of freedom and democray. This appealed to many students and his talk of democracy spread throughout the country. Xiaoping critized Fang saying his ideals were being spoken blindly and he was against Chinas socialistic economy.
*Thousands of students all over China demonstrated for more freedom involving intelligence.
Hu Yaobang supported Yang and the student community of China. Deng heard of Hu Yaobang's approval and, on January 16, 1987, demoted him from his position as general secretary. Students all over china began to protest for Hu's position in office and more freedom.
Hu Yaobang dies at the age of 73
Hu Yaobang died of a heart attack. Students mourned his death. The government apologized for denouncing Hu and at his funeral many officials spoke highly of him.
Tiananmen Square Masscre
The "Tiananmen Square Masscre" originally started out as a public funeral prossesion. Where thousands of students came to mourn the death of Hu Yoabang but soon escalated into a protest. To "keep the order" the chinese government inforced martial law. This resulted in many casualties.
*Many signs of public protests concerning the Chinese government.
More public protests after the "Tiananmen Square Massacre", on account for the governments dicision of enacting martial law at Tiananmen Square.
*Deng Xiaoping accelerates market reforms.
Deng Xiaoping trys to establish a "Socialist Market Economy"
Deng Xiaoping dies at the age of 92
Xiaoping Deng died due to a lung infection and parkinsons disease. His death had such an impact on the chinese people. It was one of the largest mourned death of a chinese leader.