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History of China A.D./ 中国历史

  • 120

    Zhang Heng

    Zhang Heng
    Zhang Heng completes his star catalogue, documenting 2,500 stars in over 100 constellations, writes a new formula for pi, corrected mistakes in the Chinese calendar, gave reasoning for a spherical moon that reflects light, and noted that lunar eclipse occurred when the earth obstructed the sunlight reaching the moon, while a solar eclipse was the moon's obstruction of sunlight reaching earth.
  • 125

    Invention - Hydraulic powered armillary sphere

    Invention - Hydraulic powered armillary sphere
    Zhang Heng invents the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere, given motive power by a waterwheel and incorporating an inflow water clock, the latter of which he improved by adding a compensating tank between the reservoir and the inflow vessel.
  • 132

    Invention - Seismometer

    Zhang Heng invents a seismometer device that, with a pendulum and complex set of gears and cranks, is able to discern the cardinal direction of earthquakes by the dropping of bronze balls into wrought toad's mouths indicating the direction.
  • 166

    Roman Embassy reaches china

  • 220

    Han Dynasty ends

  • 221

    The Three Kingdoms period begins

  • 244

    Battle of Xingshi

    The Battle of Xingshi was a failed invasion on the state of Shu Han by its rival Cao Wei in 244 during the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history. The battle took place at Mount Xingshi, which is situated north of present-day Yang County, Shaanxi, and is now part of the Changqing National Nature Reserve.
  • 255

    Invention - The South Pointing Chariot

    Invention - The South Pointing Chariot
    Ma Jun invents the south-pointing chariot, a mechanical directional pathfinder that acts like a compass in that it always points south
  • 265

    Western Jin Dynasty begins

  • 317

    Eastern Jin Dynasty

  • 476

    The "fall" of Rome

  • 477

    Oldest known painted depiction of a horse collar

  • 523

    Invention - Songyue Pagoda

    Invention - Songyue Pagoda
    Songyue Pagoda is built, the earliest known fully brick pagoda in China, in departure from the fully timber tradition. It still stands at a height of 131ft
  • Jan 31, 602

    Third Chinese domination of vietnam

  • Jan 31, 635

    First Christian missionaries arrive in China

  • Jan 31, 657

    Chinese medicine

    Emperor Gaozong commissions the compilation of a large materia medica documenting the use of 833 medicinal drugs.
  • Jan 31, 713

    Kaiyuan newspaper developed

  • Jan 31, 725

    Invention - Watered powered celestial globe

    Invention - Watered powered celestial globe
    Yi Xing invents a water-powered celestial globe featuring an escapement mechanism and striking clock.
  • Jan 31, 751

    Battle of Talas

    This battle marks the beginning of the westward transmission of the ancient Chinese papermaking process
  • Jan 31, 1000

    Invention - Bituminous Coke blast furnace

    Invention - Bituminous Coke blast furnace
    Sometime between this year and the end of the century, the Chinese discovered how to use bituminous coke instead of charcoal for blast furnaces in casting iron, sparing thousands of acres of prime timberland from deforestation.
  • Jan 31, 1010

    Atlas of China

    After 39 years in the making, the enormous atlas of China commissioned by the emperor and drawn by a team of scholars under Lu Duosun and Song Zhun is completed in 1556 chapters
  • Jan 31, 1068

    First use of the drydock in China

    First use of the drydock in China
    Drydock: A large dock in the form of a basin from which the water can be emptied, used for building or repairing a ship below its water line.
  • Jan 31, 1078

    Chinas cast iron industry

    According to research, China was producing on annual average 125,000 tons of cast iron by this year
  • Jan 31, 1090

    Invention - Belt drive

    Invention - Belt drive
    First known description of the mechanical belt drive. A belt is a loop of flexible material used to link two or more rotating shafts mechanically
  • Jan 31, 1127

    Jingkang Incident

    The northern third of China is conquered by the Jurchens
  • Jan 31, 1132

    Chinas first Navy is established

    Chinas first Navy is established
  • Jan 31, 1260

    Yuan Dynasty

  • Jan 31, 1265

    Mongols take Navy ships

    The Mongols, under Kublai Khan's leadership, invade Sichuan and capture 146 Song naval ships
  • Jan 31, 1368

    Ming Dynasty

  • Jan 31, 1382

    Chinas secret police established

  • Jan 31, 1405

    Foreign relations

    The overseas voyages of admiral Zheng He begin, sailing around Southeast Asia, throughout the Indian Ocean, and as far as East Africa to reestablish tributary relations of foreign countries with China
  • Jan 31, 1406

    The Forbidden City is built

    The Forbidden City is built
  • Jan 31, 1420

    A new capital

    After 13 years of a massive construction project for a new capital and Forbidden City, the Yongle Emperor declares Beijing the new capital
  • Jan 31, 1492

    Columbus discovers the new world

  • Feb 1, 1516

    First contact with portuguese

  • Feb 1, 1549

    Trade with the portuguese

    Portuguese ships make continuous annual trade stops to Shangchuan Island from now on.
  • Feb 1, 1550

    Chaos on the Great Wall

    Altan Khan breaches the Great Wall, besieges Beijing, and burns down its suburbs after looting it
  • Dutch East India Company

    Dutch East India Company
    From this year until 1682, the Dutch East India Company ships some six million Chinese porcelain items to Europe
  • Qing Dynasty

  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    British East India Company establishes a trading post in Guangzhou
  • America declares independence

    America declares independence
    on July 4th, 1776, America declared its independence from Britain
  • The First Opium War

  • Civil War

    Civil War
    The start of a civil war over in america, dividing the nation into north and south
  • Civil War

    In 1865, the war in america ends
  • Tianjin Massacare

  • The Qing Dynasty ends

  • The Republic of China

    The Republic of China
  • Xianhai revolution

    The revolution ended with the abdication of the "Last Emperor" Puyi on February 12, 1912, that marked the end of over 2,000 years of imperial rule and the beginning of China's republican era
  • Chinese Civil War

  • China floods

    China floods
    The Central China floods of 1931 were a series of floods that occurred in the Republic of China. The floods are generally considered among the deadliest natural disasters ever recorded with death tolls from 145,000 to 4,000,000
  • China enters WW2

  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and America is forced to enter WW2
  • WW2 ends

    WW2 ends
  • Founding of the peoples Republic of China

  • Great Leap Forward

    The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China was an economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China, reflected in planning decisions from 1958 to 1961, which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of rapid industrialization and collectivization.
  • Tiananmen Incident

    Tiananmen Incident
    The Tiananmen incident was in Beijing, China, where thousand of protestors were shot to death on the street by the military.
  • First McDonalds put in China

    First McDonalds put in China
  • NATO bombing of embassy

    Five US JDAM guided bombs hit the Republic of China embassy in the Belgrade district of New Belgrade, killing three Chinese reporters and outraging the Chinese public. The president claimed it was an "accident".
  • Summer Olympics held in Beijing

  • China launches first aircraft carrier

    China launches first aircraft carrier
  • Tibetan monk recieves death sentence

    A Tibetan monk receives a suspended death sentence and his nephew 10 years in jail for inciting eight people to burn themselves to death
  • Invention - The manual rotary fan

  • Battle of the Red Cliffs

    Battle of the Red Cliffs
    Battle of Red Cliffs - - Cao Cao loses war with 840,000 troops against Liu Bei and Sun Quan's 50,000.
  • Unification of China

    Unification of China
  • Southern and Northern Dynasties

  • The equal field system

    After the well-field system had fallen out of use, Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei introduces the equal-field system.
  • First reference to toilet paper in history

    First reference to toilet paper in history
  • Grand canal of china is built

  • Tang Dynasty

  • The Army and the salt commission

    The Army of Divine Strategy reaches 240,000 troops, thanks to the revenues of the salt commission
  • Chang'an, a large fire consumes 4,000 homes

  • Liao Dynasty

  • Northern Song Dynasty