The Red Army and Communism

  • befroe revolution

    China was ruled since 1644 by the Qing dynasty.
  • Humilation

    In the 1900 china faced revolution because it was humiliated by outsiders and many Chinese believed they needed to have their own navy, army and factories. Yet others feared change and believed that china’s greatness was their tradition.
  • Overthrow of the Quin dynasty

    1912 the Kuomintang, who was the group pushing toward nationalization, with the revolutionaries of the Suns, overthrow the Qing dynasty and Sun Yixiam became its first great leader.
  • Sun becomes president

    In 1912 Sun became the president of the new republic of china. He held post for just sex weeks and his hopes where to protect the three principles of people; 1. Nationalism and end to foreign rule. 2, people’s rights; democracy. 3, economic and social security for all Chinese.
  • Yuan Shikai

    in 1913 Sun turned the presidency to Yuan Shikai, who was a powerful general but he betrayed democratic ideas and soon he was ruling as a military dictator. This actions where the ones who sparked local revolts.
  • world war I

    world war I.
  • world war I

    world war 1
  • Yuan death

    When Yuan died in 1916, chaos was inevitable in china.China remained divided. A civil war broke out and the Kuomintang where powerless and so was the effort of Sun to recognize real authority.
  • hopes for and Allied victory

    In 1917, world one kept throwing problems to China, and hoping for and Allied victory, Beijing attacked Germany and after the victory Chinese thought they would have given back their country but it resulted that japan ended with the privileges that previously belong to Germany.
  • Boycott, may fourth movement

    In May 4, 1919, over 3000 angry students gathered in the center of Beijing and revolt to end the European imperialism and boycott Japan. Mao Zedong supported the revolt and was then known as one of china’s greatest revolutionaries. Though the May fourth movement didn’t resulted that well, many workers and professionals joined to establish a modern nation. At the end many turned on Sun beliefs in democracy and where in favor of Lenin’s brand of communism.
  • Soviet Union as A model

    In 1920 intellectuals where gathered in Shanghai and Beijing to analyze Marx´s revolutionary beliefs and they viewed the Soviet Union as a model for political and economic change.
  • start of Chinese Communist party

    In 1921 a group met in Shanghai to organize the Chinese communist party, Mao was among the leaders.
  • A common action

    In around 1922 Sun started to gather communist groups of revolutionaries and with Kuomintang’s, create a communist party for common action
  • Lenin intervention

    In 1923 Sun failed to do this and Lenin began to send military advisers and equipment to the government in return of allowing the communists to join the Kuomintang. Several traveled to Moscow for military training.
  • Sun died and forces are against communism

    Sun Yixian died in 1925 and there, Jian Jeishi, among others, started to join forces against communism until they turned completely against communism.
  • killing of communists

    In 1927, armed gangs advanced to Shanghai and killed communists’ leaders. The nationalists nearly wiped out the Chinese communists.
  • Jiang becomes president

    In 1928 Jiang became president of the nationalist Chinese republic.
  • civil war between nationalists and communists

    In 1930 a civil war between nationalist and communists started and Mao fought from south central china where he recluted peasants to join his red army. Nationalists weren’t able to drive them out.
  • nationalist battles

    In 1933 the Jiang made an army of at least 700,00o men and he attempted to attack the communists.
  • Long March

    In 1934 the communist party started the long march and communists where always ahead than Jiangs forces.
  • Japan invades China

    In 1938 Japan launched an invasion to china and it gained control over a large part of china. Nationalists and communists united temporarily to fight japan.
  • communist gain most of control

    Between 1942 and 1945 Mao and communists started to win and the red army started to control most of china.
  • communist win

    Until in 1949, Mao gained complete control of the country.