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Chinese history

  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The last Chinese Dynasty.
    This was a period of knowledge and prosperity.
    However; the defeat by the west during the First Opium war in 1842 caused the Qing court to lose control over foreign immigrants entering the country.
    European and American influences would also see the end to the Chinese Dynasty.
  • The Qing dynasty begins.

    The Qing dynasty begins.
  • White lotus rebellion 1794-1804

    White lotus rebellion 1794-1804
  • Population pressure 1800-1815

    Population pressure 1800-1815
  • Opium war 1839-1842

    Opium war 1839-1842
    The government doesn't do much about the opium problem until 1839 when a commissioner is sent to Canton. He burns some 20,000 chests of opium and bans all British trade. England declares war. The Qing cannot win against British battleships and their newer guns. The Qing surrenders in 1842.
  • Opium war 2 1856-1860

    Opium war 2 1856-1860
    In 1857, after dealing with the Indian Mutiny, British forces arrived at Hong Kong. Led by Admiral Sir Michael Seymour and Lord Elgin, they joined with the French under Marshall Gros and then attacked the forts on the Pearl River south of Canton. The governor of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Ye Mingchen, ordered his soldiers not to resist and the British easily took control of the forts. Pressing north, the British and French seized Canton after a brief fight and captured Ye Mingchen. Leavin
  • Japan make formula

    Japan make formula
    Japan and China both want to control Korea. After some conflicts, they start fighting. The Japanese, who for the past 30 years have learned modern fighting techniques, easily defeat China. The Qing realize they need to make some improvements in how they defend themselves.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Rebellion
    Chinese secret organization called the Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists led an uprising in northern China against the spread of Western and Japanese influence there. The rebels, referred to by Westerners as Boxers because they performed physical exercises they believed would make them able to withstand bullets, killed foreigners and Chinese Christians and destroyed foreign property.
  • The fall of Qing dynasty

    The fall of Qing dynasty
    The external pressures caused the emperor to lose grasp over his territories, but the empire started to crumble from within as well. In 1900, the Chinese peasants organized themselves into an anti-foreigner movement that protested against the Europeans and the Qing ruling.
  • Period: to

    Chinese republic

    Fight against Communist and Nationalist.
    The Qing Dynasty has fallen
    Sun Yixian takes over as President – he hopes to build China through –The people, Nationalism and Democracy.
  • The republic

    The republic
  • Warlord Era 1916-1928

    Warlord Era 1916-1928
    independent military commander in China in the early and mid-20th century. Warlords ruled various parts of the country following the death of Yuan Shikai (1859–1916), who had served as the first president of the Republic of China from 1912 to 1916. Yuan’s power had come from his position as head of the Beiyang Army, which was the only major modern military force in China at the time. His conduct of the government through a reliance upon military power rather than parliamentary methods.
  • Civil war Nationalist Army(KMT)

    Civil war Nationalist Army(KMT)
    In 1927 the rivalry became a war. Chiang Kai-shek of the Kuomintang decided to get rid of the CPC. The Kuomintang killed and arrested many of the CPC leaders in what is today called the Shanghai Massacre. Mao Zedong of the CPC led an uprising against the Kuomintang called the Autumn Harvest Uprising. The uprising failed, but the civil war had begun.
  • The long march 1934-1935

    The long march 1934-1935
    In 1934, Mao and the CPC army had to retreat from the Kuomintang. They went on a series of long marches that lasted an entire year, from October of 1934 to October of 1935. They traveled around 7,000 miles. They began the Long March at Jiangxi province in south China and finally stopped at the Shaanxi province of northern China. Out of around 80,000 soldiers that began the march, only 8,000 or so made it to the end.
  • World War 2 1939-1945

    World War 2 1939-1945
    When the Japanese invaded Japan in 1937, the two sides once again united in order to fight the Japanese. This continued throughout World War II. However, the two sides still hated each other.
  • Communist defeated the Nationalist

    Communist defeated the Nationalist
    By 1948 the CPC was gaining momentum. They continued to take nationalist cities and, with each victory, they were gaining support within the population of China. In October of 1949, the CPC captured Beijing. They declared victory and said that China was now under the rule of the People's Republic of China. The nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan where they established their own government called the Republic of China.
  • growing of China 1950-1958

    growing of China 1950-1958
  • Period: to

    Communist Period

    The Long March
    One hundred flowers campaign
    The great leap forward
    The cultural revolution
  • one hundred flowers

    one hundred flowers
    By 1956, the number of people living in cities had almost doubled from before the communist takeover, and there were shortages of food, housing and consumer goods.
    Mao made an unusual request.
    He called for the nation's intellectuals and asked them to engage in open criticism of the Party.500,000 people sent to camps for re-education.
  • The great leap forward

    The great leap forward
    Mordernize the economy.China to rival America and become self sufficient.Between 1958 and 1960, millions of Chinese citizens were moved onto communes. Some were sent to farming cooperatives, while others worked in small manufacturing. All work was shared on the communes; from childcare to cooking, daily tasks were collectivized.
  • The cultural revolution 1966-1976

    The cultural revolution 1966-1976
    After the Great Leap Forward, Mao was unpopular.The Cultural Revolution was Mao’s attempt to regain power over the government.This was a time of very little freedom in China.Mao staged public rallies involving thousands of young supporters. He calculated correctly that the young wouldn't remember much about the failure of the Great Leap Forward and the millions of deaths.
  • Mao’s death

    Mao’s death
    Mao Tse-tung died from complications of Parkinson's disease on September 09, 1976, at the age of 82, in Beijing, China. Some people think Mao helped to bring China forward into the 20th centuryBut he did so in a way that lead to the death of millions of people and created unhappiness and suffering for many others