Chinese Revolution

  • Dynasty is overthrown

    Sun Yixian leads the Nationalist Party, which overthrows the Qing Dynastry. He develops three principles of the people, which were, Nationalism, Democracy, and Livelihood.
    Yixian offers Yuan Shikai the presidency in exchange for military protection. (1912)
  • Dictator Yuan

    Yuan betrayed the democratic ideals of the revolution. He started ruling like a dictator
  • National Assembly dissolved

    Yuan Shikai dissolves the National Assembly and implements a self-appointed cabinet. So basically, he replaced provincial governors with military governors.
  • Shikai's death

    The death of Yuan Shikai weakens the national government in general, paying less attention to warlords, giving them more power and advantage.
  • War against Germany

    The government of Beijing declared war against Germany.
  • Period: to

    World War I

    The Provisional government in Guangdong declares war on Germany, they thought they impressed Europeans, sot the country would be economically stable again. Instead, the Treaty of Versailles favored Japan, it gave Germany's holding in China. This Treaty put a end to this War.
  • The May Fourth Movement

    The May Fourth Movement
    The May Fourth Movement was a violent student revolt in Beijing. They were fighting because if unfair treatment, since the Treaty of Versailles, and the Japanese influence it brought to China. China’s treatment at the Paris peace conference, leads to criticism from Western Countries.
  • Communist Party created

    The Chinese COmmunist Party is created by Mao Zedong. Influential ideas for this Party, came from Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Their goal is to take over the government, and create a centralized government that would have control over agriculture, education, and society. There should be equal distribution, and that is why they considered peasants important.
  • Nationalists and Communists unite

    Both, Nationalist and Communist, Parties come together to fight warlords, and Japanese. This way, they would have more power to fight them, and also because they were both enemies from the Japanese.
  • Lenin Helps

    Lenin sends military advisers and equipment for the Nationalist government.
  • Sun Yixian's death

    The leader of Nationalists diesfrom cancer in Beijing. Jian Jieshy becomes the new leader of the Nationalist Party in China.
  • Killing in Shangai

    Killing in Shangai
    A general strike in Shanghai. Eleven people are killed when British troops fire on a crowd of students.
  • Shangai Massacre

    Shangai Massacre
    Jiang Jieshi orders a purge of communists, beginning with assaults, arrests and executions in Shanghai, that must be done by Nationalists. Hundreds of Chinese Communist Party members are arrested, executed or missing. With this event, the National Republic of China is created and it is officially recognized as a country for Europeans.
  • Civil War

    Nationalist Party is not doing anything to improve China in any aspects, they were not reforming China. Peasants were not happy, so they supported the Comunists, and this is how the Communist Party gained power again. The Chinese Communist Party begins a war against the Nationalist Party, a Civil War.
  • Jiang's army

    Jiang gathers an army, and he initiates the fifth encirclement campaign of the Jiangxi communists.
  • The Long March

    The Long March
    Nationalists force chasing Communists throughout 6,000 miles in China. For a year, Communists were one step ahead of Nationalists. In the end, from the 100,000 people that stated, only 30,000 survived.
  • Transfer of Power

    The Zunyi Conference leads to a transferral of power within the Chinese Communist Party; command of the First Red Army passes to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai. His wife gives birth to a daughter on the Long March and is forced to abandon her.
  • Red Army Forces

    The Battle of Luding Bridge: the Red Army takes control of a key river crossing in Sichuan province. Mao’s First Red Army arrives in Shaanxi province. The Second Red Army under He Long embarks on its own march to Shaanxi.
  • Japan Invation

    Japan invades China and forces Nationalists to unite with Communists. Both of them fight Japan, and the Communists start to gain more power than Nationalists, because they have influenced peasants, who are a major part of the population.
  • Secret Deal

    Secret Deal
    Former Kuomintang leader Wang Jingwei signs a secret deal with the Japanese and becomes head of a puppet government in Nanjing.
  • Period: to

    World War II

    Soviet Russian troops enter Manchuria to combat the Japanese. The CCP party congress endorses ‘Mao Zedong Thought’ as the party’s guiding ideology. The US Air Force drops atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Mao Zedong travels to Chongqing for a series of peace talks with Jiang Jieshi, organised by the Americans. Japanese forces in the Pacific and China surrender; the Sino-Japanese War comes to an end.
  • Pearl Harbor attack

    The Japanese attack Pearl Harbour. USA enters the war against Japan in Asia, focusing American interest more closely on China.
  • Bring down Corrupt Leaders

    Mao Zedong initiates rectification campaigns in Chinese Communist Party-controlled regions like Yenan; he encourages criticism of corrupt leaders and commanders.
  • A try to Stop Civil War

    US general George C. Marshall is sent to China to reconcile Mao and Jiang, with a view to ending the civil war and forming a coalition government.
  • The 228 Massacre

    The 228 Massacre
    Koumintang troops massacre 10,000-20,000 dissidents and protestors in Taiwan.
  • People's Republic of China is created

    With wide and mass support from peasants and workers, Mao Zedong defeats Jiang Jieshi and creates the People's Republic of China. Nationalists flee mainland China to Taiwan, creating two Chinas.
    Communists create a one-party state led by Mao Zedong. They start reforming: All resources are directed towards political, social, or economic growth. They improved medical supplies and hospitals.They built schools. And they regulated all media.
  • Treaty of Frienship

    Europeans and CHina do an agreement of friendship, which icluded alliance, and mutual assistance.