Byzantine EmpireIt was the Roman Empire durong the Middle Ages in Constantinople.
Its also called the Eastern Roman Empire.
ClovisA strong military leader who became the first Germanic ruler to convert to Christianity.
Established a powerful Frankish kingdom that stretched from the Pyrenees in the South West to German lands in the East.
Emperor JustinianHe was the Byzantine Emperor
During his reign he sought to revive the Empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire.
Apr 12, 610
Prophet MuhammadSpiritual and political leader.
While praying he recieved the revelations from God from the
The relvations were later recorded in the Quran.
Dec 25, 622
HijrahThe journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah.
It became year 1 in the official calender of Islam.
Sep 3, 632
Abu BakrA wealthy merchant and Muhammad's father in law,
Was named caliph to Muhammad.
Under his leadership, the Islamic movement began to grow.
Apr 1, 661
The UmayyadsLed by Mu'awiyah
Created the Caliphate
Arab empire spreads throughout North Africa and into Spain
Sep 14, 661
Damascus, SyriaMu'ayiyah moved the capital of the Arab empire from Madinah to Damascus.
Sep 14, 742
CharlemagneKing of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
Through his enlightened leadership the roots of learning and order were restored to Medieval Europe.
Sep 13, 750
Abbasid DynastyCapital moved from Damascus to Baghdad.
Golden age and center of trade.
Sep 14, 750
Golden Age of Islamic SocietyIt was during the Abbasid Dynasty.
Sep 14, 762
Baghdad, IraqThe Abbasids built a new capital city in Baghdad, on the Tigris River, far to the East of the Umayyad capital at Damascus.
It was located on the caravan route from the Mediterranean Sea to Central Asia.
Sep 14, 800
FeudalismPolitical and Social system that developed during the Middle Ages, when royal governments were no longer able to defend their subjects.
It came to be characterized by a set of unwritten rules- the Feudal contract- that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal.
Sep 19, 962
Holy Roman EmpireA varying complex of land in Central Europe.
Founded by Charlemagne.
Became quite close to a union of territories.
Sep 13, 1055
Seljuk TurksHired by the Fatmid Dynasty.
Began to grow more powerful and conquered Baghdad,
The Sultan became the political leader.
Oct 14, 1066
William of NormandyAn army of heavily armed knights under William of Normandy landed on the coast of England and defeted King Harold and his soldiers at the Battle of Hastings.
Oct 14, 1066
Battle of HastingsTook place at Senlac Hill
It was between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army under King Harold II.
Mar 12, 1088
Pope Urban IIBest known for starting the first crusade and setting up the modern day Roman Curia in the manner of a royal court to help run the Church.
He was one of the most prominent and active supporters of the Gregorian reforms.
Sep 19, 1095
The CrusadesA series of religious expeditionary wars blessed by Pope Urban II and the Catholic Church, with the stated goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem.
Apr 6, 1199
King JohnKing of England until his death in 1216.
During his reign, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Phillip II of France.
Sep 14, 1215
The Magna CartaA document of rights also called The Great Charter,
Gave written recognition to that fact in was used in later years to strengthen the idea that a Monarch's power was limited,
Sep 13, 1258
The MongolsNomadic civilization that conquered and destroyed Baghdad.
Converted to Islam.
Led by Genghis Khan in North China.
Sep 14, 1300
Cairo, EgyptThe new center of Islamic civilization because of the Mongol destruction of Baghdad.
Sep 14, 1347
The Black DeathThe most devastating natural disaster in European History.
It was spread by black rats infested with fleas carrying a deadly bacteria.
It spread through France, Spain, Belgium, Luxenbourg, Netherlands, and expanded to Nothern Europe.
Sep 14, 1480
The Spanish InquisitionQueen Isabella and the Church established the Inquisition in order to suppress and eliminate any heretics in Spain,
Heretics- people who had any beliefs different from the Church.