Middle Ages

  • 570

    Muhammed is born.

    Professed receiving revelations from God, which were recorded in the Qur'an, the basis of Islamic theology, in which he is regarded as the most important prophet.
  • Jan 1, 638

    Jerusalem captured by Muslims

    The Islamic Caliphate extended its dominion to Jerusalem and with the Arab conquest, Jews were allowed back into the city. The Siege of Jerusalem was a part of a military conflict between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • Jan 1, 681

    Establishment of the Bulgarian Empire.

    The First Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state founded in the north-eastern Balkans. The Bulgarian Empire is a term used to describe two periods in the medieval history of Bulgaria, during which it acted as a key regional power in Europe in general and in Southeastern Europe in particular, rivalling Byzantium.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate

    The Abbasid caliphate was founded by the descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, in Harran in 750 CE
  • Oct 7, 768

    Beginning of Charlemagne's reign.

    He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and his rule is also associated with the Carolingian Renaissance, a revival of art, religion, and culture through the medium of the Catholic Church
  • Jan 1, 871

    Alfred the Great assumes the throne, the first king of a united England.

    He defended England from Viking invaders, formed new laws and fostered a rebirth of religious and scholarly activities.
  • Aug 20, 971

    Battle of Anchialus. Simeon I the Great defeats the Byzantines.

    The Battle of Achelous took place on the Achelous river near the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, close to the fortress Tuthom between Bulgarian and Byzantine forces. The result of the battle was a decisive Bulgarian victory which not only secured the previous successes of Simeon I.
  • Jan 1, 1099

    Success of First Crusade

    This was a military expedition by Western Christianity to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant, ultimately resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    Genghis Khan was elected as Khagan of the Mongols and the Mongol Empire was established.

    The Mongols would conquer much of Eurasia, changing former political borders and was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    The Magna Carta is sealed by John of England.

    Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects, the feudal barons, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges.