Nov 11, 771
Charlemagne seized control of the kingdomCharlemagne became the sole king of the Franks and continued his conquest of Europe after his father, Pepin the Short, died.
Charlemagne built an empire greater than any known since ancient Rome. He conquered new lands to both the south and the east while also spreading Christianity. He reunited western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire. After this and other accomplishments, Charlemagne became the most powerful king in western Europe. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-vzyQqz9AUms/T0vd_8
Oct 14, 1066
Norman conquest of EnglandOn October 14, 1066, Normans and Saxons fought the battle that changed the course of English history- the Battle of Hastings. The Normans won a decisive victory and then William declared all of England as his personal property. William the conqueror was a viking invader who was the duke of Normandy. http://faculty.ycp.edu/~tgibson/RoyalAncestors/williamtheconqueror.jpg
Nov 11, 1093
The CrusadesIn 1093, the Byzantine emperor Alexius Comnenus sent an appeal to Robert, Count of Flanders. Shortly after the appeal, Pope Urban II issued a call for a 'Holy War'. The main goal of these military expeditions was to recover the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks.
There was a First Second Crusade that lasted from 1097 to 1187. There was also a Third and Fourth Crusade that lasted from 1192 to 1204. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2009/12/29/1262094010491/Crusades--001.j
Jun 15, 1215
The Magna CartaThe Magna Carta was a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John in A.D 1215 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/Magna_charta_cum_statutis_angliae_p1.jpg/170px-Magna_charta_cum_statutis_angliae_p1.jpg
Nov 11, 1337
The Hundred Years WarThe Hundred Years war was a conflict in which England and France battled on French soil on and off from 1337 to 1453.
Between 1421 and 1453, the french rallied and drove the English out of France entirely, except for the port city of Calais. Although the French won, the English did win three important battles. One of them was the Battle of Crecy, which was the first and most spectacular battle. http://history-world.org/hundred%20years.jpg
Nov 11, 1347
The Bubonic PlagueThe bubonic plague is a deadly disease that spread across Asia and Europe in the mid-14th century, killing millions of people. In 1347, a fleet of Genoese merchant ships arrived in Sicily carrying a dread cargo. This was the disease that became known as the Black Death. It got its name from the purplish or blackish spots it produced on the skin.
Black rats carried fleas from one area to another- fleas that were infested with a bacillus called Yersinia pestis. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-24rmZh
Nov 11, 1378
The Great Schism BeginsThe Great Schism was a division in the medieval Roman Catholic Church, during which rival popes were established in Avignon and in Rome.
The Council of Constance had a major task to end the Great Schism by choosing a new pope. In 1414, when the council began its meetings, there were a total of three popes to choose from. In 1447, the council chose a new pope, Martin V, ending the Great Schism. http://history-world.org/hundred%20years.jpg
Nov 11, 1400
The Spanish CrusadeIn Spain, Muslims controlled most of the country until the 1100s. The reconquista was a long effort to drive the Muslims out of Spain. By the late 1400s, the muslims held only the tiny kingdom of Granada. In 1492, Granada fell to the Christian army of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Spanish Monarchs. http://www.suppressedhistories.net/shajpgs/crusade.jpg
May 7, 1429
Joan of Arc leads the French ArmyJoan of Arc was a teenage French peasant girl who felt moved by God to rescue France from its English conquerors. She believed that heavenly voices told her to to give the French crown to Charles VI's son.
On May 7, 1429, Joan led the French army into battle against an English fort that blocked the roads to Orleans. The French won the battle because of Joan. Charles VII then became the French king. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Joan_of_arc_miniature_graded.jpg/200px
Nov 11, 1492
Columbus lands in AmericaOn 1492, the Muslims ands Jews were driven out of Spain. This is also the date that Columbus lands in the Americas. Cristopher Columbus was an Italian sea captain that convinced Spain to finance a bold plan: finding a route to Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. http://www.nndb.com/people/033/000045895/chrisColumbus.jpg
Capetian Dynasty beginsHugh Capet began the Capetian dynasty of French kings that ruled France from 987 to 1328. One of the most powerful Capetians was Philip II, called Phillip Augustus, who ruled from 1180 to 1223. Louis IX strengthens France's central government from 1226 to 1270. Philip IV adds Third Estate to Estates-General from 1285 to 1314.