Medieval Europe

  • 313

    Roman Catholic Church

    Roman Catholic Church
    *The largest Christian Church.
    *Consists of 23 particular churches.
    *Teaches a doctrine of faith or morals.
  • 481

    Clovis

    Clovis
    *United all Frankish tribes, and conquered Romans and Germans in Northern Gaul
  • 482

    Emperor Justinian

    Emperor Justinian
    *He revised all Roman Law
    *Helped restore the Roman Empire
    *Put together very powerful armies
  • 570

    Prophet Muhammad

    Prophet Muhammad
    *Born in Mecca
    *Given revelations from God more specificly amgel Gabriel.
    *He believed that the final revelations of Allah were given to him
    *He formed the first community of practicing Muslims
  • 573

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
  • Jan 1, 610

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
    *It is the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
    *Spread Greek, Roman, and Christianity to parts of the world.
    *Fell to the Ottomans
  • Jan 1, 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    *Muhammad was discouraged by the fact that Makkans did not accept his message
    *Prophet Muhammad and some of his closest followers left Makkah and moved to a place called Yathrib, which was later named Madinah
  • Jan 1, 636

    Damascus

    Damascus
  • Jan 1, 661

    Umayyads

    Umayyads
    *Mu'awiyah governer of Syria became caliph.
    *He moved the capitol of Arab Empire from Madinah to Damascus in Syria.

    *In 732 Arab Forces were defeated at the Battle of Tours in Gaul, France stoping Arab expansion in Europe.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasid

    Abbasid
    *Abu al-Abbas overthrew the Umayyad dynasty and set up the Abbasid dynasty
    *In 762 they built a new capital city at Baghdad on the Tigris River
    *Harun al-Rashid was known for his charity and also had the support of artists and writers
    *Lasted until 1258
  • Jan 1, 762

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
  • Jan 1, 771

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne
    *Determined to strengthen and bring order to Europe
    *In 800 he was the ruler of Western Europe
    *Since he established a central government over Western Europe he was able to regain parts of the old Roman Empire
  • Jan 1, 814

    Feudalism

    Feudalism
  • Jan 1, 858

    Golden Age of Islamic Society

    Golden Age of Islamic Society
    *The advancements in science, technology, and literature
    *Muslim scholars also had involvement in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and chemistry
  • Jan 1, 962

    Holy Roman Empire

    Holy Roman Empire
  • Jan 1, 969

    Cairo

    Cairo
  • Jan 1, 1042

    Pope Urban II

    Pope Urban II
  • Jan 1, 1060

    Seljuk Turks

    Seljuk Turks
    *An army group under the Fatimid.
    *Nomadic people who were from Central Asia.
    *Gained control of the eastern provinces of the Abbasid Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1066

    William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    *He invaded England and killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings and defeated the English
    *After his later successes he bacame crowned King of London on Christmas day 1066
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Crusades

    Crusades
    *They took over Jerusalum.
    *Lost to the Turks trying to take back the city of Odessa.
    *Had a truce with the Muslims after many battles.
  • Jan 1, 1199

    King John

    King John
  • Jan 1, 1206

    The Mongols in the Middle East

    The Mongols in the Middle East
    *Nomadic civilization
    *Mongol rulers converted to Islam
    *Led by Genghis Khan, Mongol armies spread across Central Asia
    *By the fourteenth centrury the Mongol Empire had split into seperate kingdoms, and it was the old Islamic Empire established by the Arabs
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    *Also known as the Bubonic plague.
    *The disease hit England sevens times by the end of the century.
    *Caused by fleas that were on rats.
    *Fleas bit the people in towns/cities of England
    *Death was quick for the weak victums.
  • Jan 1, 1478

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition
    *Queen Isabella and the Church added the inquisition to increase their power by eliminate heretics in Spain.
    *Tortured is you were suspected of heresy.
    *Many people were killed and also many people left the country to get away.