Medieval and Renaissance

Timeline created by anna_kaye_w
  • Period:
    995
    to
    1050

    Guido of Arezzo

    A music theorist who created and put into practice a notation style with lines and spaces. He also started using syllables for sight singing.
  • Period:
    1098
    to
    1179

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Wrote the first morality play called the Sybil of the Rhine. She was also a writer and a theologian.
  • Period:
    1100
    to
    1300

    Minnesang

    A style of German literature of lyric and song writing. It deals with topics of courtly love.
  • Period:
    1130
    to
    1200

    Bernart de Ventadorn

    A famous troubadour poet. More of his music has survived its time than any other poet of his time.
  • Period:
    1135
    to
    1201

    Léonin (Leoninus)

    A master of organum purum, a type of chant, in Paris.
  • Period:
    1140
    to
    1212

    Comtessa Beatriz de Dia

    A female poet who wrote the only surviving melody from a woman from her time.
  • Period:
    1170
    to
    1230

    Walther von der Vogelweide

    Wrote a minnesinger melody that is the earliest surviving. Considered a leading composer and poet of the time.
  • Period:
    1180
    to
    1238

    Pérotin (Perotinus)

    Wrote 3 and 4 voice organum and was supposed to be a student of Leonin.
  • Period:
    1213
    to
    1239

    Moniot d'Arras

    A monk at Arras who was an epic poet, with 23 surviving poems and 13 surviving melodies.
  • Period:
    1245
    to
    1288

    Adam de la Halle

    An epic poet who wrote polyphony. He studied in Paris and wrote musical plays, chansons, rondeaux, and 7 motets.
  • 1270

    Anonymous IV

    Probably a student from England who studied around this time. He was a music theorist, and his writings give us information about Leonin, Perotin, and organum.
  • Period:
    1291
    to
    1361

    Philippe de Vitry

    French composer known as the "inventor of a new art." He was also a bishop, and created a new measure notation.
  • Period:
    1300
    to
    1377

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Leading poet of the Ars Nova who wrote over 400 poems.
  • Period:
    1310
    to
    1377

    Ars nova (new art)

    Style that flourished in France in the late Middle Ages.
  • Period:
    1325
    to
    1397

    Francesco Landini

    Blind from early in his life, he was an organist and also an instrument maker. He has 155 works consisting of ballate and madrigals.
  • Period:
    1390
    to
    1453

    John Dunstaple

    English composer whose style of 3rds and 6ths became the Renaissance style. Many of his works were destroyed in the English Reformation.
  • Period:
    1397
    to
    1474

    Guillaume Du Fay

    Franco-Flemish and the first important Renaissance composer who used older medieval cadences.
  • Period:
    1410
    to
    1497

    Johannes Ockeghem

    Born in Northeastern France, served 3 Kings, and was a bass singer.
  • 1450

    Printing Press

    Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press.
  • Period:
    1450
    to
    1521

    Josquin de Prez

    Martin Luther considered him one of the best composers of their time. A French composer, it was said that he had no peer in his music.
  • Period:
    1450
    to
    1517

    Heinrich Isaac

    Isaac was a court composer for Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. He was Franco-Flemish and influenced German music.
  • Period:
    1452
    to
    1518

    Pierre de la Rue

    Important composer at the Burgundian court in the Netherlands. He used canon and ostinato a lot.
  • Period:
    1457
    to
    1505

    Jacob Obrecht

    A Dutch composer who was a very influential composer in masses in Europe.
  • Period:
    1466
    to
    1539

    Ottaviano Petrucci

    Petrucci was the first music printer and publisher. He made a way for us to have Renaissance music today.
  • Period:
    1483
    to
    1546

    Martin Luther

    Founder of the Lutheran Church. He was also a composer and theologian.
  • Period:
    1490
    to
    1562

    Adrian Willaert

    Wrote masses, psalms, motets, madrigals, hymns, chansons, and ricercares. He used complex polyphony that was continuous.
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas.
  • 1503

    Mona Lisa

    Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
  • Period:
    1505
    to

    Thomas Tallis

    Wrote for Latin liturgies as well as reformed English liturgies. He was English and an organist.
  • Period:
    1507
    to
    1568

    Jacques Arcadelt

    A Dutch composer who is well known for his early madrigals. He was well-published.
  • Period:
    1515
    to
    1565

    Cipriano de Rore

    Flemish composer who wrote 125+ madrigals, 65 motets, 3 masses, 8 Psalms, Magnificats, and 1 Passion.
  • Period:
    1521
    to

    Philippe de Monte

    A Franco-Flemish composer who mixed homophony and polyphony. He was one of the composers who wrote the most during the Renaissance.
  • Period:
    1525
    to

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    Mainly wrote liturgical music with a Roman style and reformed Catholic church music.
  • Period:
    1532
    to
    1534

    English Reformation

    The Church of England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope's authority.
  • The Globe Theatre

    Williams Shakespeare built the Globe Theatre.