MAIN HISTORICAL FACTS

  • 476

    The beginning of the Middle Ages

    The beginning of the Middle Ages
    When the western Roman Empire fell
  • Period: 476 to 1400

    Cultural Timespan

    People use the phrase “Middle Ages” to describe Europe between the fall of Rome in 476 CE and the beginning of the Renaissance in the 14th century.
  • Period: 747 to 814

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne, also called Charles I, byname Charles the Great, (born April 2, 747?—died January 28, 814, Aachen, Austrasia [now in Germany]), king of the Franks (768–814), king of the Lombards (774–814), and first emperor (800–814) of the Romans and of what was later called the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings
    At the Battle of Hastings, Duke William of Normandy defeats Harold Godwinson and establishes his rule over England. A meeting between Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, considered one of the most dramatic moments in the Middle Ages and in relations between church and state.22 abr 2018
  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    A charter agreed to by King John of England and his rebellious barons, the document would come to be seen as the beginning of legal limits on the power of monarchs.
  • 1300

    Humanism

    Humanism
    During the 14th century, a cultural movement called humanism began to gain momentum in Italy. Among its many principles, humanism promoted the idea that man was the center of his own universe, and people should embrace human achievements in education, classical arts, literature and science.
  • Period: 1300 to 1400

    Classical Roman and Greek culture

    Usually used to describe the rediscovery of classical Roman and Greek culture in the late 1300s and 1400s and the great pan-European flowering in art, architecture, literature, science, music, philosophy and politics that this inspired, it has been interpreted as the epoch that made the modern world truly modern.
  • Period: 1417 to 1431

    Pope Martin

    On 1 March 1420, Pope Martin V issued a Bull inviting all Christians to unite in a crusade against the Wycliffites, Hussites, and other heretics. The crusades were, however, ultimately unsuccessful.
  • 1453

    The end of Middle Ages

    The end of Middle Ages
    The Middle Ages arose from the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453.
  • 1494

    Invasion of Florence by France

    Invasion of Florence by France
    It first began with the invasion of Florence by France in 1494, as well as Italy, breaking into warfare between its city-states. The introduction of the Renaissance gave birth to many political and intellectual movements, with the era having a large backlash.
  • 1500

    Chorale

    Chorale
    Before the Renaissance, music in church was usually sung by the clergy. The period saw the rise of the chorale, which was a hymn that was meant to be sung by a congregation. Its earliest form was monophonic, which then evolved into a four-part harmony.
  • Period: 1500 to 1550

    Experimentation with French chansons

    Experimentation with French chansons. Known composers during this period were Clément Janequin and Claudin de Sermisy.
  • 1503

    Start of the Roman Golden Age.

    Start of the Roman Golden Age.
    In 1503, Julius II was appointed pope, bringing in the start of the Roman Golden Age. Henry VIII came to power in England in 1509 and Francis I succeeded to the French Throne in 1515.
  • 1527

    Fall of Rome

    Fall of Rome
    The Renaissance as a unified historical period ended with the fall of Rome in 1527.