Jesus to AD 1800 (Classroom)

Timeline created by Mr. Ruperto
In History
  • Period: 27 BCE to 180

    Pax Romana

  • Period: AD 1 to 100

    Jesus to AD 100 (Apostolic Age)

  • 33

    1. The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

  • 33

    2. Pentecost

  • 34

    The Conversion of St. Paul

  • 42

    St. James martyred

  • 42

    St. John the Apostle and the Blessed Virgin Mary

    St. John the Apostle travels to Ephesus with the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • 46

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys

  • 49

    Council of Jerusalem

  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begins under Roman emperor Nero

  • 70

    Romans burn the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

  • 80

    "Didache" written

  • 99

    Writings of NT are done.

    All the writings that will become part of the New Testament have been written by this date
  • Period: 100 to 500

    Ad 100 - 500

  • 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

    Decius required all to worship the gods of the state, or be tortured and killed.
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought back into the Church after a period of penance.
  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian.

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of all Christian churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of all who refused to participate in the public worship of pagan gods.
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

    This edict granted religious toleration to Christians and unleashed the spread of Christianity.
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    This council, called by Emperor Constantine, set forth the Nicene Creed and affirmed that Jesus and the Father are consubstantial - of the same substance.
  • 330

    Emperor Constantine divides the Roman Empire into East and West

    The West was centered in Rome, and the East was centered in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul, Turkey)
  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 354

    Birth of St. Augustine

  • 360

    Books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damasus asks St. Jerome to translate the Gospels to Latin.

  • 397

    The Councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the New Testament.

  • 405

    St. Jerome completes his translation of the Old Testament

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing "The City of God"

  • 410

    The Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    This council condemned a heresy that said that Jesus was two person in one body, and the council declared that the Virgin Mary is truly the Mother of God (Theotokos)
  • 432

    St. Patrick sets out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

    This council affirmed that Christ is fully human and fully divine (hypostatic union).
  • 476

    The Western Roman Empire collapses

  • 480

    Birth of St. Benedict

  • 496

    Clovis, the King of the Franks, converts to Catholicism

  • Period: 500 to 1000

    AD 500-1000

  • 507

    Clovis' army drives Visigoths out of France.

  • 527

    Justinian I becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St. Benedict found the first monastery

  • 1000

    Muslims control two thirds of the ancient Christian world

  • 1054

    The Great Schism

  • 1073

    St. Gregory VII elected pope

  • 1073

    Pope St. Gregory VII excommunicates the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

  • 1088

    The first universities are being founded

  • 1094

    The Byzantine emperor in Constantinople asks the West for aid against Muslim armies

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade and Christians temporarily capture Jerusalem

  • 1144

    First Gothic Cathedral completed

  • 1147

    Second Crusade

  • 1192

    Third Crusade

  • 1204

    Crusaders from the Fourth Crusade sack Constantinople

  • 1209

    Franciscan Order is founded by St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1216

    Dominican Order founded by St. Dominic

  • 1229

    The Inquisition is founded

  • 1440

    Printing Press invented

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails for North America

  • 1513

    Ponce de Leon of Spain founds St. Augustine, Florida

    St. Augustine, named for St. Augustine of Hippo, was the European settlement in what is not the United States.
  • 1517

    Martin Luther presents 95 theses

    In this document, Luther presented what he saw a abusive practices in the Catholic Church.
  • 1520

    Luther denies the authority of the pope to interpret Scripture.

  • 1521

    Luther is excommunicated

  • 1522

    Luther translates the Bible into German

  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    The Council of Trent

  • The King James Bible becomes the Bible of the Church of England