Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  • Zionism

    Theodore Herzl advocated the creation of a jewish state in Argentina or Palestine.
  • The Balfour Declaration

    The British Foreign Minister, Arthur Balfour, commited Britain to work towards "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the jewish people," in a letter to leading Zionist Lord Rothschild.
  • UN Partition Plan

    33 countries of the UN General Assembly voted for partition, 13 voted for against tand 10 abstained.This led to the creation of Israel.
  • Establishment of Israel

    The day after the state of Israel was declared, five Arab armies from Jordan, Egypt, Lebanonm, Syria and Irq immediatly invaded Israel but were repulsed, and the Israeli army crushed pockets of resistence.
  • The Suez Campaign

    In 1956 Israel, France and Britain went to war against Egypt.
    During the war, Israel captured the Sinai desert, but eventually withdrew in response to U.S. pressure and returned the territory it had gained to Egypt.
  • Formation of the Plo

    the Palestinians created a genuinely independent organization when Yasser Arafat took over the chairmanship of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1969. His Fatah organization was gaining notoriety with its armed operations against Israel.
  • The Six-Day War

    Egypt blockaded Israeli shipping lanes in the Red Sea, expelled UN peacekeeping troops from the border of the Sinai and built up its own troops in the area.
  • Terrorism

    Under Yasser Arafat's leadership, PLO factions and other militant Palestinian groups launched a series of attacks on Israeli and other targets.
  • The Munich Olympics

    Members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually killed by the Palestinian group Black September.
  • The Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Jordan attacked Israel.
  • Arafat at the United Nations

    Arafat made a dramatic first appearance at the United Nations in 1974 mooting a peaceful solution.
  • The Camp David Acoords

    After intensive negotiations conducted by the U.S., Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David accords. A peace treaty was concluded and Israel returned the Sinai desert to the Egyptians. President Sadat of Egypt became the first Arab leader to visit the Jewish state and in a sign of the new relations between the two countries, he addressed the Israeli parliament, the Knesset
  • Sadat Assassinated

    Sadat was assassinated in 1981 by Islamist elements in the Egyptian army, who opposed peace with Israel, during national celebrations to mark the anniversary of the October war.
  • The Oslo Peace Process

    The election of the left-wing Labour government in June 1992, led by Yitzhak Rabin, triggered a period of frenetic Israeli-Arab peacemaking in the mid-1990s
  • Jordan-Israeli Peace

    In July 1994 Prime Minister Mr. Rabin and King Hussein of Jordan signed a peace agreement ending 46 years of war and strained relations.
  • Arafat Returns

    Many critics of the peace process were silenced on 1 July as jubilant crowds lined the streets of Gaza to cheer Yasser Arafat on his triumphal return to Palestinian territory.
  • Talks Fail, New Intifada Starts

    After the withdrawal from Lebanon in May 2000, attention turned back to Yasser Arafat, who was under pressure from Barak and US President Bill Clinton to abandon gradual negotiations and launch an all-out push for a final settlement at the presidential retreat at Camp David. Two weeks of talks failed to come up with acceptable solutions to the status of Jerusalem and the right of return of Palestinian refugees.
  • Arafat Dies

    Yasser Arafat, the champion of Palestinian statehood, died on Thursday 11th November, 2004 at age 75 in a military hospital in France.
  • New president

    Hamas wins the Palestinian legislative elections on January 25, 2006. The US, Israel and several European countries cut off aid to the Palestinians as the Islamist movement rejects Israel's right to exist