Islamic Timeline

Timeline created by danherrera16
  • Nov 12, 610

    Gabriel Speaks To Muhammad

    Gabriel Speaks To Muhammad
    Muhammad was trouble by the lack of morallity in Mecca, his hometown. He went to a cave in the where he would meditate. There he heard the voice of the angel of Gabriel calling him to be a messenger of God.
  • Nov 8, 622

    Muhammad's Hijra

    Muhammad's Hijra
    In 622, Muhammad headed to Medina, another oasis town. They promised freedom to practice their own religion in Medina. The mofr from Mecca to Medina is called the Hijra which is know for the flight. It marks for one year on the calendar, Hijri.
  • Nov 12, 632

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    Abu-bakr was the father-in-law of the prophet Muhammad who later became his successor and first caliph of the Muslim community.
  • Nov 12, 632

    Split Between Sunni and Shia

    Split Between Sunni and Shia
    When Muhammad did not leave a successor there was a difference in belief of who should be caliph. Some Muslims belived that the caliph had to be a descendant of Muhammad while others believed it could be any good Muslim.
  • Nov 8, 661

    Abbasids move the capital of Islamic Empire

    Abbasids move the capital of Islamic Empire
    In 661, Mu'awiya moved his capiltal to Damascus and began to reform the new empire's administration. Also, he modeled his government's organization of the eastern Roma empire, or Byzatine Empire, which had recently ruled the region.
  • Nov 12, 661

    Ummayad Dynasty

    Ummayad Dynasty
    The Umayyad Dynasty started after the death of Ali in 661. The Umayyad Dynasty were full of Sunni caliphs that ruled the Muslim Empire until 750.
  • Nov 12, 750

    Fall of Ummayad

    Fall of Ummayad
    The Umayyad family was killed by an angry protestment that happend when he had power. He survived, but fled to spain. The Abassid Empire rose and made many changes.
  • Nov 12, 750

    Rise of Abbasids

    Rise of Abbasids
    Abbasids moved capital to Baghdad in 762. Expansion of the Abbasids brought conflict with the Chineese.
  • Nov 12, 750

    Abbasids Move Capital

    Abbasids Move Capital
    Abbasids moved the capital from Damascus to Baghdad. Baghdad was a small market town along the Tigris river. This allowed Persians to hold important offices in the caliphs office.
  • Nov 12, 830

    House of Wisdom

    House of Wisdom
    The House of Wisdom was a library and a University in Baghdad. The House of Wisdom brought people knowledge and advances in technology.
  • Nov 12, 1054

    Christianity Divides

    Christianity Divides
    In 1054, Christianity divided into two branches over beliefs and authority. One beliefed in religion and the other believed in politics.
  • Nov 12, 1055

    Fall of Abbasids

    Fall of Abbasids
    In 1055 the Abbasids fell due to the Turkmen taking control of Baghdad. Also, the leader, Tugrul Bey, forced Abbasids Calliphs to be renamed sultan.
  • Nov 12, 1055

    Seljuk Turks Threats

    Seljuk Turks Threats
    A Seljk Turk ruled Baghdad, which was Tugrul Bey, and they pushed Asia Minor they threatend the Byzantine Empire.
  • Nov 8, 1096

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    The first crusade ended in 1204. They traded with the east and west. They also traded learning from muslim scholars to the east and west.
  • Nov 12, 1216

    Mongols Conquered

    Mongols Conquered
    Genghis Khan led the Mongols out of Central Asia across southwest Asia. In 1258,Hulagu, the grandson of Genghis led and looted Baghdad, killikng the lst Abbasid caliph.