islam timeline

  • 570

    new relgion

    Around 600 A.D. a new monotheistric religion began called Islam
  • 570

    Birth of Muhammad

    Muhammaed was orphaned as a child.He was raised by his grandparents. He grew up to be an honest and successful merchant. He married a wealthy widow and started a family.
  • Period: 570 to

    islam timeline

  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammad's hijra

    In 622, faced with the threat of murder, Muhammad and his followers left Mecca for Yathrib, a journey known as hijra. Later Yathrib was renamed Medina
  • Jan 1, 632

    Death of the Prophet

    In the next two years, Muhammad worked to unite the Arabs. His death in 632 plunged his followers into Grief. Isalm survived the death of its prophet.
  • Jan 1, 711

    The age of Conquest

    Arab marched from victory to victory. The Arabs then swept into egypt. Later Muslim armies dashed west. In 711 they crossed the strait of Gibraltar into Spain
  • Jan 1, 732

    Tour of France

    In 732, the Arab push into europe was turned back at the battle of Tours of France. Muslim and Christian forces would continue to contend in Spain for centuries
  • Jan 1, 750


    Disconnected Muslims found a leader in Abu al-Abbas, who captured Damascus in 750. Soon after one of his generals invited members of the defated Umayyad family to a banquet and killed them all.
  • Jan 1, 750


    Disconnected muslims found a leader in Abu al-Abbas, who capturted Damascus in 750. Soon after one of his generals invited memebers of the defeated Umayyad family to a banquet.
  • Jan 1, 1055


    A seljuk sulatan controlled Baghdad, but he left the Abbassid caliph as a figuerhead. As the Seljuks pushed into Asia Minor, they threatned the Byzanntine empire.
  • Jan 1, 1099


    In 1099, christian crusaders captured Jerusalem. The city passed back and fourth between Muslim and Christians.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    The Muslim General

    The mualim general Salah al-Din outlasted christains from jerusalem in 1187. They regained it after is death, holding it until 1244
  • Jan 1, 1216


    In 1216, Genhiz Khanlet the Monglols out of Central Asia across Persia and Mesopatamia. Mongol armies returned again and again.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Timur the Lame

    Anothe mongol leader Timur the lame, led his armies to the Middle east. Though he was a muslim himslef, his ambitions were to conquer Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Turkish and Monglos

    Turkish and Mongol invaders conquered India. They set up the Mughal dynasty. The most important ruler was Akbar the Great
  • Abandoning of Constantinople

    The breathtaking swiftness of the Arab conquests did not slow down until nearly 100 years after Muhammad's death. In 718, the Arabs abandoned the siege of Constaninople.
  • Decline of the Calphite

    Abbassid control over the Arab empire fragmented. In spain, egypt and elsewhere, independant dynasties rule seperate Muslim states
  • Seljuks

    The Seljuk Turks migrated into the middle east from Central Asia. They adopted Islam and built a large empire across the Fertile Crescent.