Indian Ocean-Passage for Trade

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In History
  • 1,000 BCE

    The spread of Religion

    The spread of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism spread rapidly through India and South East Asia. This is around the time period where citizens traveled on camels. People were brought to these countries by their merchants.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Who was involved?

    Many different Dynasties and major empires that were involved in this trade included the:
    -Roman Empire in the Mediterranean
    -Han Dynasty in China
    -Mauryan Empire in India
    -Achaemenid Empire in Persia At this time, monsoons became regular and travelers were able to detect a wind pattern from the monsoons to help them with their direction of travel.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Invention of the Kamal

    To help traders in the severe monsoons, a Kamal which is a device that determines latitude was created. This is important because it is one of the earliest forms to help with navigation.
  • -600 BCE


    At this point, may goods have been used for trade. Main items that were used are:
  • -600 BCE

    Trade Networking

    The Silk Road, the Saharan Trade and the Indian Ocean Trade networks began to develop. At this time, the Roman and Greek sailors entered this trade because they were sent there by their Persian ruler.
  • -550 BCE


    At this time in China, the start of philosophy began to spread. This was known as Confucianism.
  • -400 BCE

    Crossing of the Isthmus of Kra

    During this time period, the traders used the Isthmus of Kra to reach Southeast Asia. The Isthmus of Kra is a narrow part of land on the Malay Peninsula in Thailand. This was a shortcut to the traders.
  • -300 BCE

    A new trade route

    A new trade route became popular during this time period. This trade route was through the Sahara Dessert. It was thought that this route was quicker and easier. Most people traveled through on camels.
  • -300 BCE

    Ports Progress

    The progression of the trade ports have became well accepted by this time. Overtime, the ports became a well known establishment for trading.
  • -300 BCE


    Askum is a wealthy kingdom that started to trade in the Indian Ocean. Askum traded with countries such as Sri Lanka and Persia and imported spices and gems.
  • -250 BCE


    A major good that became popular in India was gold. Other things that became popular were medicine and clothing dye.
  • -100 BCE

    New trade Item

    Pearls among other spices became new popular trade items.
  • -100 BCE

    Breakout of Diseases

    A breakout of different diseases broke out during this time period in China and Rome, and ended up spreading throughout sea routes in Asia, Europe, America and Africa. Diseases such as the bubonic plague, smallpox and measles started becoming deadly.
  • -25 BCE

    New Ports

    The Roman Empire created three new trading ports.
  • -1 BCE


    The Romans began exporting to another trade in the Indian Ocean.
  • -1 BCE

    The Phoenicians

    The Phoenicians were well known for traveling and exporting and importing goods. At this time they specialized in trading glass.
  • 30

    The Roman Empire

    Ceaser Augustus has control over The Roman Empire. This is an important time period because he is the first ruler of the region.
  • 70

    Periplus of the Erthraean Sea

    The Periplus of the Erthaean Sea was a handbook created by an Egyptian merchant that was also a trader. The handbook talks about different things that were being traded on top of the different regions that were well known for trading.
  • 165


    It was thought that the troops coming home from their travels created a spread in the Roman plague. This epidemic became a mystery because nobody truly knew where it came from or what it was.
  • 285

    Sri Lanka

    This new port was known for trading cinnamon throughout the east and west parts of the Indian Ocean.