History of Sudan, Africa

  • Al- Turabi's Party

    Al- Turabi's Party
    Islamist leader Al-Turabi's Party, the Popular NAtional Congress, signs memorandum of understanding with the southern rebel SPLM's armed wing, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Al-Turabi is arrested the next day, with more arrest of PNC members in the followng months.
  • 19-year civil war

    19-year civil war
    Talks in Kenya lead to a breakthrough agreement between the government and southern Rebels on ending the 19-year civil war. Machakos Protocol provides for the south to seek self-determined after six years.
  • Refugees Flee

    Refugees Flee
    Army moves to quell rebel uprising in western region in Darfur; hundreds of thousands of refugees flee to neighbouring Chad.
  • killings

    UN official says pro-government Arab Janjaweed militias are carrying out systematic killings of non-Arab villagers in Darfur
  • Genocide

    UN says Sudan has not met targets for disarming pro-government Darfur militias and must accept outside help to protect civilians. US Secretary of State Colin Powell describes Darfur killings as genocide.
  • Ceasfire in Darfur

    Ceasfire in Darfur
    Governtment and southern rebels sign a peace deal. The agreement includes a permanent ceasefire and accords on weath and power sharing. UN Security Council authorities sanctions against those who violate ceasefire in Darfur. Council also votes to refer those accused of war crimes in Darfur to international Criminal Court.
  • Darfur Conflict

    Darfur Conflict
    Khartoum government and the main rebel faction in Darfur, the Sudan Liberation Movement, sign a peace accord. Two smaller rebel groups reject the deal. Fighting continues.
  • War crime charges

    War crime charges
    International Criminal Court issues arrest warrents for a minister and a Janjaweed militia leader suspected of Darfur war crimes. US Presedent George W. Bush announces fresh sanctions against Sudan.
  • Five-year Darfur Conflict

    Five-year Darfur Conflict
    UN humanitarian cheif John Holmes says 300,000 people may have died in the five-year Darfur conflict
  • Barshir accused

    Barshir accused
    The International Criminal Court's top prosecutor calls for the arrest of President Bashir for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur; the appeal is the first ever request t share power and weath in the region.
  • War is over

    Darfur war is over, says UN military commander in the region, in the comments condemned by activist.
  • Darfur Deal

    The Justice and Equality Movement main Darfur rebel movement signs a peace accord wht the government, prompting President Bashir to declare the Darfur war over. But failure to agree specific and continuing clashes with smaller rebel group endanger the deal.
  • Act of War

    Act of War
    Northern troops overrun town to Abyei on disputed border between north and south. South describes it as "act of war" Thousands flee.
  • South becomes Independent

    South becomes Independent
    South Sudan gains indendence.