History

  • 496

    Clovis is baptized into the Catholic faith. Within a few years the Franks have all converted to Catholicism

  • 523

    Justinian marries Teodora.

  • 527

    Justinian 1 becomes the Byzantine Emperor.

  • 529

    The Benedictine Order is established at Monte Cassino.

  • 562

    The Byzantine and Persian empires sign a peace treaty.

  • 566

    The Lombards ally with the Avars then invade and crush the Kingsom of the Gepids.

  • 572

    Byzantine Emperor Justin II breaks peace with Persia and invades Nisibis.

  • 583

    Fire devastates Constantinople, May- Earthquake strikes Constantinople.

  • 587

    King of Visigoths, renounces Arianism and adopts Catholicism.

  • Apr 27, 600

    Smallpox arrives in Europe for the first time.

  • Nov 15, 627

    Emperor Heraclius defeats the Persians at the Battle of Nineveh.

  • Jan 29, 658

    Cadwaladr launches the last Welsh offensive against the Saxons in Britain.

  • Nov 17, 671

    Battle of Two Rivers: King Ecgfrith of Northumbria defeats the Picts.

  • Jan 29, 694

    Hispano-Visigothic king Egica accuses the Jews of aiding the Muslims, and sentences all Jews to slavery.

  • Jan 29, 699

    Umayyad troops invade Armenia

  • Jan 29, 702

    Large-scale Armenian rebellion against Muslim rule breaks out with Byzantine support.

  • Jan 29, 707

    The Byzantines lose the Balearic Islands to the Moors.

  • Jan 29, 708

    Nazaktar Khan, alliances with the Tibetan Kingdom and captures Bactria from the Umayyads.

  • Feb 5, 774

    Charlemagne conquers the kingdom of the Lombards and thakes title King of the Lombards

  • Feb 5, 777

    Charlemagne defeats the Saxons; their leader Widukind flees to Denmark.

  • Feb 5, 778

    Charlemagne's army suffers a terrible defeat at the hand of the Basques.

  • Feb 5, 789

    The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the first appearance of vikings in England.

  • Feb 5, 798

    Christians sack Lisbon.

  • Feb 5, 814

    Louis the Pious is crowned Charlemagne as King of the Franks and Emperor.

  • Feb 5, 845

    Paris is sacked by Viking raiders.

  • Feb 5, 860

    First siege of Constantinople by the Rus

  • Feb 5, 866

    Louis II beats the Saracen invaders in Italy.

  • Feb 5, 871

    Alfred the Great succeds as King of Wessiex after Ethelred's death.

  • Feb 5, 882

    Oleg of Novgorod takes Kiev and makes it his capital.

  • Feb 5, 895

    The seven tribes of the Magyars settle in the Carpatian Basin

  • Feb 5, 939

    The Moors lose Madrid to the Kingsom of Leon.

  • Feb 5, 944

    King Edmund I of England takes Northumbria form the Vikings.

  • Feb 5, 957

    Olga of Kiev converts to the Eastern Orthodox Church from paganism beliefs.

  • Feb 12, 999

    Christianity is adopted in Iceland

  • Feb 12, 1009

    Church os the Holy Sepulchre is destroyed by Calph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

  • Feb 12, 1010

    Beowulf is written anonymously

  • Feb 12, 1031

    The Moorish Caliphate of Cordoba collapses.

  • Feb 12, 1037

    George Maniaces begins a campaign against the Arabs in Sicily.

  • Jul 22, 1064

    The KIngdom of Juruesalem is found.

  • Feb 12, 1076

    Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

  • Feb 12, 1084

    Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is crowned Emperor by Antipope Clement III

  • Feb 12, 1097

    The First Crusade proceeds towards Palestine.

  • Feb 12, 1122

    The Concordat resolves the Investiture Controversy

  • Feb 12, 1137

    Louis VII is crowned King of France .

  • Feb 12, 1145

    Pope Eugene III issues the bull Quantum praedecessores, calling for the Second Crusade.

  • Feb 12, 1148

    The Second Crusade reaches Jerusalem.

  • Feb 12, 1150

    The earliest textual reference is made to Gypsies

  • Feb 12, 1155

    Frederick I Barbarossa is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.

  • Feb 12, 1220

    The Mongols invade the Abbasid Caliphate.

  • Feb 12, 1230

    The Teutonic Knights are invited into Prussia

  • Feb 12, 1233

    The Inquisition is established.

  • Feb 12, 1248

    Black powder is established.

  • Feb 12, 1260

    The Mongols are defeated by the Mamluks

  • Feb 12, 1297

    William Wallace defeats the English