Enlightenment Timeline Assignment By lkaplan1 Nov 1, 1748 Montesquieu publishes book, On the Spirit of Laws The Spirit of Laws is a political theory that was anonymously written by de Montesquieu. Nov 1, 1776 America declares independence In 1776 the American colonies declared independance against the British crown. Nov 1, 1789 French Revolution In 1789 the French Revolution begins when the French citizen storm the Bastille. Nov 1, 1799 Napoleon overthrows the Directory through a coup d’etat Napoleon and his army overthow the Directory starting the era of Napoleon. Nov 1, 1804 Napoleon crowns himself emperor, begins to create a vast European Empire At first, Napoleon was the constitutionally chosen leader of France but then in 1804 he declared himself the sole emporor. Nov 1, 1804 Haiti wins freedom from France In 1804 the citizens of Hatit recive word that there is uprises going on in the rest of the world, so they break away from France. Nov 1, 1810 Padre Hidalgo calls for Mexican Independence Hidalgo was a priest and a leader of the Mexican Revolution, he was 57 when he made the famous, "call for freedom." Nov 1, 1815 Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo In 1815 the British army, led by the Duke of Wellington, fought Napoleon's army in Waterloo, Belgium. Together, the British and the Prussians defeated Napoleon's army.