Enlightenment and Nationalist Revolutions Timeline Mitch Burdorf

  • Montesquieu publishes book, "On the Spirit of Laws"

    Montesquieu believed in the division of power. He wrote a book about dividing power into 3 parts and having checks and balances. America uses this system today.
  • America declares independence

    America declares independence from the British and fights a war for their independence. Eventually America wins because they qre fighting on home turf and war overseas is costly for the British.
  • French Revolution

    The French revolution took away the old regime. It created the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which were individual rights.. Eventually, the Jacobins would take control.
  • Napoleon overthrows the Directory

    Through a coup d'etat, Napoleon overthrows the Directory and creates the three consuls. He is the consul with the most power, the 1st consul. Coup d'etat means, "blow to the state"
  • Napoleon crowns himself emperor and starts to build an empire

    Napoleon got rid of his two other consuls and crowned himself emperor of France. He begins conquering other countries and building a gigantic empire that will last for about 5 years at it's best.
  • Haiti wins inependence

    Haiti wins their independence from France. They manage to do this because of their three great leaders, ToussanL'Overture, Boukman, and Dessalines. Boukman created the revolution, Toussan led the revolution, and Dessalines declared independence from France.
  • The priest Miguel Hidalgo calls for Mexican independence

    Hidalgo rings the bells of the church in his small village called Dolores. He gets everyone together and says that there should be a revolution against the Spanish. This is known as the "Grito de Dolores" or "Cry of Dolores". Miguel will ultimately dye but his right hand man will continue the revolution.
  • Napoleon is defeated

    Napoleon was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo by Duke of Wellington. This was his ultimate defeat and ended his last bid for power called, "The Hundred Days". Napoleon was then exiled to Saint Helena, a small island in the South Atlantic Ocean.