Enlightenment and Nationalist Revolutions Mr.Newhart Period 9

  • de Montesquieu Checks and Balances

     de Montesquieu Checks and Balances
    In 1748 de Montesquieu publishes a book called On the Spirits of Laws. In this book he proposed the seperation of powers. He also said that powers should check powers so no one person or group of people get too much power.
  • America declares their freedom

    America declares their freedom
    In 1776 America declares their freedom from England. They were feed up with King George III and the fact that they did not have representation in the Parliment.
  • The French Revolt

    The French Revolt
    The French watched as America demanded its independence and hoped for something like that to happen in France. Many copies of the Declaration of Independence circulated around France. Many people realized they deserved those rights and the revolution was born.
  • Napoleon overthrows the Directory through a coup d’etat

    Napoleon overthrows the Directory through a coup d’etat
    In 1799 Napoleon overthrows the Directory by proposing the ideal of a consul. He and along with two other people were selected, but he quickly became the number 1 consul and deminished the importance of the 2nd and 3rd.
  • Napoleon crowns himself emperor, and begins to create a vast European Empire

    Napoleon crowns himself emperor, and begins to create a vast European Empire
    In 1804 Napoleon starts to gain the love of the French people and signs a concordat with Pope Pius VII. This means that the Pope will let him handle all of the government affairs, and the church would not. Napoleon also began invading other nations and conrtolling them.
  • Haiti wins freedom from France

     Haiti wins freedom from France
    The Haitians saw how the French people won their independence and they wanted the same thing. Napoleon responded to this uprising by sending in troops, but most of the troops sadly died of Yellow Fever. This event helped the Haitians successfully revolt.
  • Padre Hidalgo calls for Mexican Independence

     Padre Hidalgo calls for Mexican Independence
    Padre (Miguel) convinced his peasant followers to rebel aginst the Spanish. They were out numbered and in the end were defeated.
  • Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo

    Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo
    Napoleon is defeated by the Duke of Wellington. In the beginning the French stood their ground, but later in the day the Prussians came to help England and Napoleon and his army was defeated.