220px edward iii of england (order of the garter)

Edward III

By Shagen
  • Nov 13, 1312

    Date of Birth

    Edward was the son of Edward II and his wife Isabella. He was born while his father was still king.
  • Feb 1, 1327


    Edward III was crowned after the depostion of his father Edward II. His mother and Roger Mortimer ruled behind him until Edward decided to take control.
  • Jan 24, 1328


    Edward married Philippa of Hainault. The marriage had been arranged before his coronation but took place after he was crowned.
  • Oct 19, 1330

    Taking Power

    Edward finally decided to take charge and had Mortimer arrested and executed. Sometime after he also established the peace with the nobility by removing those who were not noble that were appointed by Roger or Edward II.
  • Oct 1, 1337

    Claimed the French Throne

    Edward III claimed the French throne after the king of France had revoked the land in French that England had possession of. This began the Hundred Years War, a period of over 100 years of on and off fighting between the English and French.
  • Jun 24, 1340

    Battle of Sluys

    Battle of Sluys
    The English won this naval victory with Edward leading the fleet. The English defeated a French army that was signifcantly larger than their fleet. The English longbow was one of the reason why the English won this battle.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Battle of Crecy

    Battle of Crecy
    The English defeated the larger French army near Abbeville on the Somme River.
  • Period: Sep 4, 1346 to Aug 3, 1347

    Siege of Calais

    The was one of the greatest accomplishments made by the English during the Hundred Years War. Calais was a port city and, along with the victory of Sluys, the English gained control of the English Channel.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1348 to Jan 1, 1350

    Bubonic Plague

    The bubonic plague, also calld "Black Death", swept through England, killing 1/3 of it's population.
  • Sep 19, 1356

    Battle of Poitiers

    Battle of Poitiers
    The English army was led by the son of Edward III, Edward the Black Prince. He was an excellent warrior and would aid his father with developing strategies that would defeat armies much larger than the English.
  • May 9, 1360

    Treaty of Bretigny

    This treaty was signed by Edward III and King John II of France. The treaty symbolized the first phase of peace during the Hundred Years War. Edward III gained some lands in France but also had to release lands to France.
  • Aug 15, 1369

    Queen Phillipa's Death

    Edward's wife passed away and after her death Edward began to seperate himself from England and his responsiblites.
  • Jun 21, 1377


    Edward III died after 50 years of successfully ruling England. His tomb was placed next to his wife's tomb in Westminster Abbey.