Church History

  • Period: 35 to 108

    Ignatius of Antioch

  • Period: 76 to 138

    Emperor Hadrian

  • Period: 85 to 160

    Marcion of Sinope

  • 136

    Hadrian Destroys Jewish Resistance

  • 144

    Marcion Claims The Old and New Testament Gods Are Different

  • 150

    Four Gospels Find Their Final Form

  • Period: 177 to 212

    King Abgar IX

  • Period: 216 to 274


  • 250

    Decius Orders Empire-Wide Persecution of Christians

  • 260

    Paul of Samosata Preaches That Jesus Was Not God

  • Period: 269 to 274

    Pope Felix I

  • 276

    Mani Attempts to Merge Judaism with Christianity and Zoroastrianism

  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    An Edict that was edicted in Milan
  • Period: 355 to 365

    Pope Felix II

  • Period: 418 to 422

    Pope Boniface I

  • Period: 530 to 532

    Pope Boniface II

  • Period: 590 to 606

    Pope Boniface III

  • Period: 664 to 715

    Pope Constantine

  • Period: 855 to 858

    Pope Benedict III

  • Period: 958 to 1015

    Vladimir the Great

    Vladimir the Great was a prince of Novgorod, grand Prince of Kiev, and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015. Vladimir's father was prince Sviatoslav of the Rurik dynasty.
  • Period: 964 to 965

    Pope Benedict V

  • Period: 980 to 1002

    Emperor Otto II

    Holy Roman Emperor from 996 until his early death in 1002. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto III was the only son of the Emperor Otto II and his wife Theophanu.
  • Period: 980 to 1024

    Pope Benedict VIII

  • 1033

    King Stephen I Enforces Christianity in Hungary

    In the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Hungary (which was larger than modern day Hungary) was Christianized between 970 and 1038. Initially the Byzantine Christianity had a significant influence on the Hungarians, but the decisive steps towards the adoption of the new faith were taken by Géza, the head of the Hungarian tribal federation (c. 972–997) who supported Western missionaries. The reception of Christianity was enforced by legislation in the reign of Géza's son, Stephen I (997–1038).
  • Period: 1033 to 1109

    Saint Anselm of Canterbury

    Saint Anselm of Canterbury, also called Anselm of Aosta after his birthplace and Anselm of Bec after his monastery, was an Italian Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian of the Catholic Church, who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109.
  • 1048

    Heinrich III Appoints a German Bishop as Clement II

  • Period: 1050 to 1106

    Emperor Henry IV

    Henry IV was Holy Roman Emperor from 1084 to 1105, king of Germany from 1054 to 1105, king of Italy and Burgundy from 1056 to 1105, and duke of Bavaria from 1052 to 1054. He was the son of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Agnes of Poitou.
  • 1084

    Bruno Founds the Carthusian Order

  • 1103

    Danish King Canute Converts to Christianity

  • 1154

    Englishman Adriano IV is Elected Pope

  • Period: 1156 to 1187

    Pope Gregory VIII

  • Period: 1185 to 1245

    Alexander of Hales

    Alexander of Hales OFM, also called Doctor Irrefragibilis and Theologorum Monarcha, was a theologian and philosopher important in the development of Scholasticism and of the Franciscan School.
  • 1198

    Cardinal Lothario Conti is Elected Pope Innocent III

  • 1200

    Jews Are Expelled From England

  • Period: 1223 to 1282

    Emperor Michael VIII

    Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, and as Byzantine Emperor from 1261 until his death. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
  • Period: 1225 to 1276

    Pope Innocent V

  • 1226

    Carmelite Order is Founded

  • 1283

    Jews are Massacred in Germany

  • Period: 1297 to 1341

    Emperor Adronikos III

    Andronikos III Palaiologos, commonly Latinized as Andronicus III Palaeologus, was the Byzantine emperor from 1328 to 1341. Born Andronikos Doukas Angelos Komnenos Palaiologos, he was the son of Michael IX Palaiologos and Rita of Armenia.
  • 1306

    Jews are Expelled from France

  • Period: 1318 to 1389

    Pope Urban VI

  • Period: 1324 to 1398

    Demtrios Kydones

    Demetrios Kydones, Latinized as Demetrius Cydones or Demetrius Cydonius, was a Byzantine theologian, translator, writer and influential statesman, who served an unprecedented three terms as Mesazon
  • 1347

    Black Death Causes the Decline of Monasticism

  • Period: 1392 to 1448

    Emperor John VIII

    John VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus was the penultimate reigning Byzantine Emperor, ruling from 1425 to 1448.
  • 1396

    The English Wycliffe Bible is Finished, But is Declared Heretic by the Church

  • Period: 1397 to 1455

    Pope Nicholas V

  • 1443

    Eugenius IV is Allowed to Return to Rome

  • 1453

    Constantinople Falls to Ottmans, Renamed Istanbul

  • Period: 1466 to 1536


    Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam, was a Dutch philosopher and Christian humanist who is widely considered to have been the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance.
  • 1480

    Isabella of Spain Institutes the Spanish Inquisition

  • Period: 1483 to 1546

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther, O.S.A., was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507. He came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church; in particular, he disputed the view on indulgences.
  • Period: 1500 to 1558

    Emperor Charles V

    Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria from 1519, King of Spain from 1516, and Lord of the Netherlands as titular Duke of Burgundy from 1506.
  • Period: 1519 to

    Pope Innocent IX

  • 1526

    Martin Luther Prints German Bible

  • 1564

    Michaelangelo Builds the Dome of St. Peter's Church

  • 1582

    pope Gregory XIII Institutes the Gregorian calendar