China was torn by a civil war between the forces of Communists leader Mao Zedong and Nationalist leader Jiang Kai-Shek.
Nationalists and Jiang Jieshi flee to Taiwan
The peoples republic of China was established and Jiang and fled to the island of Taiwan.
Communist forces defeat the Nationalists
Mao Zedong gained control of the country and claimed it as the peoples republic of China.
The Great Leap Forward
The Great Leap Forward was Mao's attempt to modernise China's economy so that by 1988, China would have an economy that rivalled America.
The cultural revolution is the name given to Mao's attempt to reassert his beliefs in China. It had a massive impact on China from 1965 to 1968.
Death of Chairman Mao
Mao Zedong was the founder of modern China and is still regarded by the Chinese as one of their great leaders.
Tiananmen Square Massacre
Demonstrators, mainly students, had occupied the square for seven weeks, refusing to move until their demands for democratic reform were met. Tanks came through the square and randomly fired many unarmed protesters (demonstrators).