Period: 400 to Oct 29, 600
GovernmentThe Roman provinces were replaced by Small Germanic Kingdoms. Small communities are governed with unwritten rules and traditions. Also, family ties and personal loyalty rather than citizenship and written laws have been what they focus on.
Germans Invaded Former Western EmpireThe Germans had brought many changes to the empire like government, culture, and language. The German forces ended up invading the Wester Empire.
Period: 500 to Oct 26, 1500
Middle AgesThe timespan in which the European history took place. The reniassance period.
Uniting of the FranksThe Franks were united which is a modern day France. The leader, Clovis, sent out missionaries to spread the Christian religion around the kingdom.
Nov 23, 625
VernacularVerrnacular was where common languages were developed. The common romance languages are Spanish, French, and Latin. People now started writing books because of the common language.
Period: Oct 26, 751 to Oct 26, 987
Carolingian DynastyThe Carolingian Dynasty was a French family. The dynasty was founded by Charlemanges father.
Oct 29, 751
Pepin the ShortPepin began the reign of the Frankish rulers. He was the first king of the Franks
Period: Oct 26, 768 to Oct 26, 814
Reign of CharlemagneCharlemagne was crowned king of Western Roman Empire. He reunited the empire himself.
Dec 25, 800
Crowning of Charlemagne by the popeCharlemagne traveled to Rome to take care of problems with the church. While he was there he was crowned emperor by the pope putting a gold crown on his head.
Oct 26, 936
Crowning of OttoOtto was crowned king in 936. His nickname was Otto the Great. Otto was like a mini Charlemagne, He formed a close relationship with the church.
Nov 19, 1066
Battle of HastingsThe Battle of Hastings was between the Normans and the Saxons. William was battling over the throne of England.
Oct 26, 1075
Banning of lay investitureThe lay investitiure was a ceremony in which kings and nobles are are appointed church officials. Pope Gregory bannned the lay investiture because he did not like that bishops were under the power of any king.
Oct 26, 1077
Henry VI Journeyed Through the Alps to Canossa, ItalyHenry journeyed through the cold snowy alps to Italy. When he got there he met Pope Gregory and asked him for forgiveness. The Pope had given him that forgiveness.
Period: Nov 19, 1096 to Nov 19, 1270
CrusadesThe crusades was a time period where many holy wars took place. There were up to 9 crusades in all.
Nov 23, 1099
The First CrusadeThe first crusade established a new kingdom called The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It gained more land for the knights.
Oct 26, 1122
Gregory and Henry fighting stop fighting over the lay investitureThe representitives of the church and the emperor met in German city of Worms. They each compromised on Concordat of Worms. Which means the Church could grant a bishop his ring and staff. The emperor had to veto power to prevent the appointment of a bishop.
Oct 26, 1176
Battle of LegnanoThe Battle of Legnano was between the Lombared League and Fredrick's army. The Lombard League ended up defeating Fredrick's army for the first timein history
Nov 19, 1215
Magna CartaThe Magna Carta guarenteed a certain basic political rights including the taxation without representation.
Nov 23, 1261
The Fourth CrusadeIn this crusade Constantiople was looted. Because of that, Constantiople had lost a lot of strength.
Nov 23, 1295
Parliament is formed in EnglandThe parliament was split into two houses; the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
Period: Nov 19, 1337 to Nov 19, 1453
Hundred Years' WarThe Hundreds Year's War was a time period where France and England were constantly fighting. France and England were fighting due to the king of England, who was a son of a French princess, claimed to rule France also.
Period: Nov 19, 1340 to Nov 19, 1400
Bubonic Plague - Black DeathIn the early 1330s an outbreak of deadly bubonic plague occurred in China. The bubonic plague mainly affects rodents, but fleas can transmit the disease to people. Once people are infected, they infect others very rapidly.
Nov 23, 1414
Great SchismThe Great Schism was a split between the Eastern and Western churches.
May 8, 1429
Joan of ArcJoan of arc was given a army in her hands to handle. With that army there were many military successes before she was captured.
The Cannon lawThe Cannon law was the law of the church. It involved manners of marriage and religious practices.The church established courts to try people accused to violating the law.