Vasco de Gama was exploring and reached the port of Calicut, on the southwestern port of India. De Gama and his crew were amazed by the spices, rare silks, and percious gems that filled Calicut's shops.
Establishment of The British East India Company
British economic interest in Inida began in the 1600s when British East India Company set up trading posts at Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta.
Decline of the Mughal Empire
Aurangzeb casually handed them the port of Bombay. Aurangzeb had no idea that he had given India's next conquerers their first foothold in a future empire.
Industrial Revolution in Britain
Landowners tried new agricultural methods and found much more easier ways to farm.
British overcome French and take control of India
Robert Clive led the British East India Company in a winning battle over the French along with their Indian allies. This allowed the British East India Company to gain complete control of India.
Gossip spread among sepoys, that the cartridges of their new Enfiled rifles were greased with beef and pork fat. Both British and sepoys fought each others armies. as a result of munity in 1857 the British government took direct command of India
British Colonized India
The British government took full control of India because during the Sepoy Rebellion, the government had to help the economy regain control.
Creation of the Indian National Congress
Ram Mohun Roy, a modern thinking, well-educated Indian, began a campaign to move India from traditional practices and ideas.
Creation of the Muslim League
The Muslim League was organiztion founded in 1906 in India to protect Muslim interest. Muhammad Ali Jinnah insisted that all Muslims resign from Congress party.
The British passed laws that allowed the government to jail protestors for up to two years without trial.
100,000 Muslims and Hindus flocked to Amritsar to protest the Rowlett Acts. British commmander odered troops to fire in the crowd. Amritsar Massacre sparked eplosion of anger across India.
Mohandas Ghandi's Leadership of the INC
The massacre at Amritsar set the stage for Ghandi to emerge as the leader of the independence movement. Ghandi attracted millions of followers.
Ghandi's Travels Stressing Non-Violent Resistance
In 1920, the Congress party endorsed Civil disobedience to weaken the British government 's authority and economic power over India.
The Salt March
Ghandi and his followers walked about 240 miles to the seacoast. They began to make their own salt there.
Government of India Act
This law provided local self-government and limited democratic elections, but not total independence.
British decided on a partition. It is to seperate into a Hindu and a Muslim nation.
WWII- Riots between Hindus and Muslims
Muslims and Hindus fought several times and after four days, 5,000 people were dead and 15,000 were hurt. British gave up their rule.
India broke up into another nation. The northwest and eastern regions of India where most Muslims lived, became Pakistan.
Ghandi went to the Indian capital of Dehli to plead for fair treatment of Muslim refugess